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BACKGROUND Accurate, rapid detection of tuberculosis (TB) and TB drug resistance is critical for improving patient care and decreasing TB transmission. Xpert® MTB/RIF assay is an automated test that can detect both TB and rifampicin resistance, generally within two hours after starting the test, with minimal hands-on technical time. The World Health(More)
The purpose of this systematic review was to summarize and critically appraise the results of 10 years of human laboratory research on pain and sex/gender. An electronic search strategy was designed by a medical librarian and conducted in multiple databases. A total of 172 articles published between 1998 and 2008 were retrieved, analyzed, and synthesized.(More)
This systematic review summarizes the results of 10 years of laboratory research on pain and sex/gender. An electronic search strategy was designed by a medical librarian to access multiple databases. A total of 172 articles published between 1998 and 2008 were retrieved, analyzed, and synthesized. The second set of results presented in this review (129(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is a significant global health issue that leads to 350,000 preventable deaths annually due to associated cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Immigrants and refugees (migrants) originating from intermediate/high HCV endemic countries are likely at increased risk for HCV infection due to HCV(More)
Inspired by the acquisition–cognition–application model (T. Saracevic & K.B. Kantor, 1997), we developed a tool called the Information Assessment Method to more clearly understand how physicians use clinical information. In primary healthcare, we conducted a naturalistic and longitudinal study of searches for clinical information. Forty-one family(More)
BACKGROUND The mainstay of treatment of IgE-mediated cow milk allergy (IMCMA) is an avoidance diet, which is especially difficult with a ubiquitous food like milk. Milk oral immunotherapy (MOIT) may be an alternative treatment, through desensitization or induction of tolerance. OBJECTIVES We aim to assess the clinical efficacy and safety of MOIT in(More)
BACKGROUND The United States Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommends screening adults for depression in primary care settings when staff-assisted depression management programs are available. This recommendation, however, is based on evidence from depression management programs conducted with patients already identified as depressed, even though(More)
Objective: This review explores the different question formulation structures proposed in the literature that may be helpful to librarians for conducting the reference interview and for teaching students and clinicians. Method: We present and compare several known question formulation structures identified in the health and social sciences literature.(More)
OBJECTIVES The review sought to synthesize existing research relevant to rehabilitation therapists' clinical information behavior and to identify gaps in evidence, particularly in comparison to what is already known about the information behavior of other health professionals, such as physicians. METHODS A literature review was conducted of both(More)
Results 138 records were reviewed and 13 were included, representing 4 trials. A total of 170 patients were studied (88 MOIT, 82 control). Two studies used blinding and 2 used an avoidance diet control. Fifty-two (59%) patients of the MOIT group were able to tolerate a full serving of milk (about 200mL) compared to 7 (9%) of the control group (RR 6.05, 95(More)