Lorianne D. Mitchell

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Doxorubicin, an anti-oncogenic agent, was used as a retrograde marker to identify arcuate nucleus afferent projections. Injections of this tracer into the arcuate nucleus indicated that the subfornical organ, the organum vasculosum of the lamina terminalis, the nucleus raphe dorsalis and median raphe send projections to the arcuate nucleus.(More)
Physiological evidence indicates that the supraoptic nucleus may be an important integrating region for information relating to body fluid homeostasis. It is known that the supraoptic nucleus receives neural influences from brain receptive zones for plasma osmolality and angiotensin II, as well as from relay centers for blood pressure and blood volume. It(More)
The brain of a 78-year-old woman with argyria was examined at autopsy. Silver nitrate deposition was observed in circumventricular organs (CVO) and in the paraventricular and supraoptic nuclei of the hypothalamus. These findings parallel animal experiments of other investigators and are the best demonstration so far of regional absence of the blood-brain(More)
Effects of alpha-adrenoceptor agents on electrophysiologically and immunohistochemically identified supraoptic nucleus (SON) vasopressin (VP) units were investigated by intracarotid infusion. Clonidine, an alpha 2-adrenoceptor agonist always excited SON units and alpha 2-adrenoceptor antagonists consistently inhibited them. alpha 1-Adrenoceptor agents(More)
The supraoptic-hypophyseal tract is a primary system for the synthesis and release of vasopressin. Angiotensin II (AII) has been shown to release vasopressin when injected into the cerebral ventricles (IVT). However, intravenous (IV) AII injections have not produced consistent results. The present studies were conducted to examine the effects of AII(More)
Recordings of SON single unit activity and systemic arterial blood pressure (B.P.) were taken from 10 rats while systemic infusions of angiotensin II (AII), 1-1000 ng/kg body weight/min in 7 steps, or phenylephrine, 1-100 ng in 3 steps were administered. The relationship between AII concentrations and neuronal activity was biphasic. Within the physiological(More)
1. An increased uptake of labelled sodium was found in the end-plate region of rat diaphragm following brief exposure to solution containing (24)Na plus carbachol (100 muM), with a wash in inactive saline. Tetrodotoxin (0.1 muM) was also present. Comparable results were obtained with decamethonium and suberyldicholine.2. With carbachol (100 muM) the influx(More)
The effects of intracarotid infusions of the peptide gamma 2-melanocyte stimulating hormone (gamma 2-MSH) on electrophysiologically and immunohistochemically identified supraoptic nucleus (SON) units were investigated. Over a wide dose range this agent always excited SON units, while control infusions of vehicle had no effect. Because neural responses(More)
1. In denervated guinea-pig diaphragm the depolarization produced by decamethonium (100 microM) was followed by an initial phase of recovery, and then by a slow restoration of membrane potential in the presence of the drug, with hyperpolarization. Membrane potentials were measured by repeated insertions. The slow phase of spontaneous recovery was not found(More)