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Outcomes in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) remain unsatisfactory, and novel treatments are urgently needed. One strategy explores antibodies and their drug conjugates, particularly those targeting CD33. Emerging data with gemtuzumab ozogamicin (GO) demonstrate target validity and activity in some patients with AML, but efficacy is limited by heterogeneous(More)
An anti-CD70 antibody conjugated to monomethylauristatin F (MMAF) via a valine-citrulline dipeptide containing linker has been shown previously to have potent antitumor activity in renal cell cancer xenograft studies. Here, we generated a panel of humanized anti-CD70 antibody IgG variants and conjugated them to MMAF to study the effect of isotype (IgG1,(More)
Anti-CD30 diabodies were engineered with two cysteine mutations for site-specific drug conjugation in each chain of these homodimeric antibody fragments. Diabodies were conjugated with approximately 4 equivalents of the anti-tubulin drugs, monomethyl auristatin E or F, via a protease-cleavable dipeptide linker, to create the conjugates, diabody-vcE4 and(More)
The chimeric anti-CD30 IgG1, cAC10, conjugated to eight equivalents of monomethyl auristatin E (MMAE) was previously shown to have potent antitumor activity against CD30-expressing tumors xenografts in mice. Moreover, the therapeutic index was increased by lowering the stoichiometry from 8 drugs/antibody down to 2 or 4. Limitations of such(More)
The key role played by fucose in glycoprotein and cellular function has prompted significant research toward identifying recombinant and biochemical strategies for blocking its incorporation into proteins and membrane structures. Technologies surrounding engineered cell lines have evolved for the inhibition of in vitro fucosylation, but they are not(More)
Expression array data for >3000 individual clones from two suppression subtractive hybridization libraries revealed 147 genes overexpressed in non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) cell lines. Of these 147 genes, 30 genes have previously unknown cancer association and 65 genes have been associated with cancers other than NSCLC. The identification of 52 genes(More)
Developmental genetic analysis has shown that embryos of the parasitoid wasp Nasonia vitripennis depend more on zygotic gene products to direct axial patterning than do Drosophila embryos. In Drosophila, anterior axial patterning is largely established by bicoid, a rapidly evolving maternal-effect gene, working with hunchback, which is expressed both(More)
SGN-30, a monoclonal antibody with activity against CD30+ malignancies, is currently in phase II clinical evaluation for treatment of Hodgkin's disease (HD) and anaplastic large cell lymphoma. The mechanisms underlying SGN-30's antitumor activity were investigated using cDNA array of L540 cells. SGN-30 treatment activated NF-kappaB and modulation of several(More)
In this article, we describe a novel antibody-drug conjugate (ADC; SGN-LIV1A), targeting the zinc transporter LIV-1 (SLC39A6) for the treatment of metastatic breast cancer. LIV-1 was previously known to be expressed by estrogen receptor-positive breast cancers. In this study, we show that LIV-1 expression is maintained after hormonal therapy in primary and(More)
The primary mechanism of antibody-drug conjugates (ADC) is targeted delivery of a cytotoxic payload to tumor cells via cancer-associated membrane receptors. However, the tumor microenvironment likely plays a role in ADC penetration, distribution, and processing and thus impacts the overall antitumor activity. Here, we report on the potential contribution of(More)