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Six patients are presented who developed pulmonary infiltrates of undetermined origin while being treated for severe ventricular arrhythmias with amiodarone hydrochloride. Biopsy material was available in four patients and revealed interstitial or alveolar fibrosis and pneumonitis. Four patients recovered and two died of severe cardiopulmonary(More)
To shorten the delay in the onset of antiarrhythmic effect when using amiodarone for the conversion of refractory atrial tachyarrhythmias to sinus rhythm, 19 patients were given oral amiodarone according to a high-dose loading protocol. In 18 of 19 patients (95%), sinus rhythm was restored 36 hours (range, 0 to 96 hours) after starting amiodarone. The(More)
Although amiodarone is a highly effective antiarrhythmic agent, it has a high incidence of side effects, some of which can be serious or even lethal. With close monitoring, side effects can be found in essentially all patients, but fortunately most of these are mild and well tolerated. Furthermore, many will respond to dosage reduction in a relatively short(More)
Twenty-two patients were given amiodarone for refractory cardiac arrhythmias, and pre- and post-amiodarone serum digoxin levels were studied. The interval between pre- and post-amiodarone serum digoxin levels ranged from five days to nine months (mean interval, seven weeks). The mean (+/- SD) pre-amiodarone serum digoxin level was 1.0 +/- 0.4 ng/ml, and the(More)
A major disadvantage of conventional amiodarone therapy is the long delay between initiation of therapy and arrhythmia suppression. In this study, the hypothesis was tested that complex ventricular arrhythmias would be suppressed rapidly by an intravenous amiodarone infusion designed to achieve and maintain a therapeutic serum concentration. Eleven patients(More)
Large initial doses of amiodarone hydrochloride for the treatment of ventricular arrhythmias refractory to conventional therapy were demonstrated to shorten the time to achieve control of the arrhythmia. As compared with a lower-dose regimen, the mean time to achieve partial control (suppression of ventricular tachycardia) was 10.6 +/- 5.2 days in the(More)
A high-performance liquid chromatographic (HPLC) method utilizing hexane extraction and a normal bonded phase column (NH2-alkylamine) was developed to measure serum concentrations of amiodarone and its N-deethylated metabolite. A single analysis requires 8 min. The one-step extraction efficiencies of amiodarone and the internal standard are greater than(More)