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Toll-like receptors (Tlrs) are transmembrane proteins that have recently been shown to play a critical role in the innate immune recognition of microbial constituents. Among this family, Tlr4 is a crucial signal transducer for lipopolysaccharide (LPS), the major component of the Gram-negative bacteria outer cell membrane. In this paper, we report that(More)
The outcome of infection with Salmonella Typhimurium in mouse models of human typhoid fever is dependent upon a coordinated complex immune response. A panel of recombinant congenic strains (RCS) derived from reciprocal backcross of A/J and C57BL/6J mice was screened for their susceptibility to Salmonella infection and two susceptibility loci, Ity4 (Immunity(More)
The role of the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-alpha (PPARalpha) in the development of insulin-resistant diabetes was evaluated using gain- and loss-of-function approaches. Transgenic mice overexpressing PPARalpha in muscle (MCK-PPARalpha mice) developed glucose intolerance despite being protected from diet-induced obesity. Conversely, PPARalpha(More)
Toll-like receptors (TLRs) are a group of evolutionarily conserved pattern recognition receptors involved in the activation of the immune system in response to various pathogens. In this paper, we describe the cloning and characterization of the mouse homologue of human TLR5. Mouse Tlr5 encodes a 859-amino-acid protein that contains an N-terminal signal(More)
A point mutation in the Tlr4 gene, which encodes Toll-like receptor 4, has recently been proposed to underlie LPS hyporesponsiveness in C3H/HeJ mice (Lpsd). The data presented herein demonstrate that F1 progeny from crosses between mice that carry a approximately 9-cM deletion of chromosome 4 (including deletion of LpsTlr4) and C3H/HeJ mice (i.e., Lps0 x(More)
OBJECTIVE Lipin 1 plays critical roles in controlling energy metabolism. We sought to determine the expression of lipin 1 isoforms (lipin 1alpha and -beta) in liver and adipose tissue of obese subjects and to evaluate cellular mechanisms involved in the regulation of lipin 1 expression by physiologic stimuli. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS The expression of(More)
The mouse response to Salmonella Typhimurium infection is partly controlled through detection of the bacterium lipopolysaccharide by the host pattern recognition receptor, Toll-like receptor 4 (Tlr4). Mice deficient in Tlr4 signaling are extremely susceptible to Salmonella infection with a 1,000-fold reduction in LD(50). In a previous study, we showed,(More)
The Lps locus on mouse chromosome 4 controls host responsiveness to lipopolysaccharide, a major component of the outer membrane of Gram-negative bacteria. The C3H/HeJ inbred mouse strain is characterized by a mutant Lps allel (Lpsd) that renders it hyporesponsive to LPS and naturally tolerant of its lethal effects. To identify the Lps gene by a positional(More)
In humans, Salmonella infection causes two major clinical diseases, typhoid fever and a self-limiting gastro-enteritidis. Salmonella transmission occurs by the fecal-oral route and the interactions between the bacteria and the digestive tract epithelium are central to the outcome of the infection. Using a mouse model of typhoid fever, we previously(More)
Borderline personality disorder (BPD) is a serious condition involving emotion dysregulation. Past research has identified BPD-associated differences within fronto-limbic circuitry during conditions of processing negative emotion. Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) paradigms that incorporate overt and covert (masked) presentations of emotional(More)