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The responses of Mozambique and Nile tilapia acclimated to fresh water (FW) and brackish water (BW; 17 per thousand) were compared following acute salinity challenges. In both species, plasma osmolality increased to above 450 mOsm by 2h after transfer from FW to seawater (SW); these increases in osmolality were accompanied by unexpected increases in plasma(More)
Endocrine cells of the anterior pituitary are controlled by the central nervous system through hormonal interactions and are not believed to receive direct synaptic connections from the brain. Studies suggest that some pituitary cells may be modulated by the neurotransmitter glutamate. We investigated prolactin (PRL)-releasing cells of the anterior(More)
The effects of prolonged nutrient restriction (fasting) and subsequent restoration (re-feeding) on the growth hormone (GH)/insulin-like growth factor (IGF) axis were investigated in the tilapia (Oreochromis mossambicus). Mean weight and specific growth rate declined within 1 week in fasted fish, and remained lower than controls throughout 4 weeks of(More)
In fish, pituitary growth hormone family peptide hormones (growth hormone, GH; prolactin, PRL; somatolactin, SL) regulate essential physiological functions including osmoregulation, growth, and metabolism. Teleost GH family hormones have both differential and overlapping effects, which are mediated by plasma membrane receptors. A PRL receptor (PRLR) and two(More)
Gender-specific expression of estrogen receptors (ER alpha and ER beta), growth hormone receptors (GHR1 and GHR2), insulin-like growth factors (IGF-I and IGF-II) and three vitellogenins (Vgs A-C) was examined in the liver, gonad, pituitary, and brain of sexually mature male, female, and 17 beta-estradiol (E2)-treated male tilapia (Oreochromis mossambicus).(More)
The objective of the present study was to utilize the male Mozambique tilapia (Oreochromis mossambicus) as a model for examining the molecular mechanisms that mediate the physiological transition between somatic and gonadal growth in female teleost fish, and in vertebrates in general. Partial cDNAs that encode multiple forms of vitellogenin (Vtg), which is(More)
Effects of two endocrine disruptors, o,p'-DDE and heptachlor, and 17beta-estradiol (E(2)) on vitellogenin (Vg) and the growth hormone (GH)/insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) axis were examined in male tilapia. In the first experiment, fish were given 5 weekly injections of either E(2), o,p'-DDE or heptachlor (5 microg/g). E(2) treatment increased plasma(More)
Like other fish species, Mozambique tilapia has three forms of estrogen receptor, ERα, ERβ1, and ERβ2. A primary function of 17β-estradiol (E(2)) in oviparous species is the hepatic induction of the yolk precursor protein, vitellogenin (Vg). To characterize the roles of ERs in Vg production, transactivation assays and an in vivo study were carried out(More)
Mozambique tilapia, (Oreochromis mossambicus), are a euryhaline teleost and an important biological model species. Captive male tilapia frequently have high levels of the estrogen-induced yolk precursor protein vitellogenin (Vg), a common indicator of exposure to estrogenic compounds. Sex steroids are found in commercial fish diets, but relatively few(More)
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