Lori Hoffner

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Uterine leiomyomas (uterine fibroids) arise from smooth muscle tissue in the majority of women by age 45. It is common for these clonal tumors to develop from multiple locations within the uterus, leading to a variety of symptoms such as pelvic pain, abnormal uterine bleeding, and infertility. We performed whole exome sequencing on genomic DNA from five(More)
One hundred and two benign, mature ovarian teratomas and two immature, malignant teratomas were karyotyped and scored for centromeric heteromorphisms as part of an ongoing project to determine the chromosomal karyotype and the genetic origin of ovarian teratomas and to assess their utility for gene-centromere mapping. Karyotypic analysis of the benign cases(More)
BACKGROUND NLRP7 mutations are responsible for recurrent molar pregnancies and associated reproductive wastage. To investigate the role of NLRP7 in sporadic moles and other forms of reproductive wastage, the authors sequenced this gene in a cohort of 135 patients with at least one hydatidiform mole or three spontaneous abortions; 115 of these were new(More)
Complete hydatidiform moles (CHMs) are diploid tumors that result from fertilization of an empty ovum by a haploid 23,X sperm. In most cases, the resulting duplication of the genome gives rise to a 46,XX genotype and is thought to be androgenetic in origin. If this hypothesis is correct, then the genotypes of all polymorphic markers in CHMs should be(More)
To understand the mechanisms leading to hydatidiform mole formation in patients with NLRP7 mutations, we used a combination of various approaches to characterize five products of conception, from two patients, shown by flow cytometry to contain non-diploid cells. We demonstrate that four of these conceptions are triploid and two of them originated from(More)
Gestational choriocarcinoma is usually a rapidly spreading fatal disease, but it is curable if diagnosed early and treated. It is a unique malignancy that is a partial or complete allograft with a genotype that is not the same as the host genotype. It is most often preceded by an abnormal molar pregnancy. The surprising and unique androgenetic origin of(More)
Trisomy 13 is one of the most common trisomies in clinically recognized pregnancies and one of the few trisomies identified in liveborns, yet relatively little is known about the errors that lead to trisomy 13. Accordingly, we initiated studies to investigate the origin of the extra chromosome in 78 cases of trisomy 13. Our results indicate that the(More)
Although molar pregnancies are typically defined by morphological, histologic, and genetic criteria, most cases are diagnosed solely on histologic findings. Recently, several studies have demonstrated the usefulness of p57KIP2 immunostaining as an ancillary diagnostic tool for molar pregnancies. The p57KIP2 gene is paternally imprinted and maternally(More)
We present cytogenetic and DNA fingerprint analysis on 13 new cases of pediatric germ cell tumors; we analyze further four cases we have reported previously. The patients ranged in age from 23 weeks gestation to 16 years. The tumors were located in the ovary, sacrococcygeum, testis, mediastinum, and the craniofacial region, and represented benign, immature,(More)