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Physician-researchers are bound by professional obligations stemming from both the role of the physician and the role of the researcher. Currently, the dominant models for understanding the relationship between physician-researchers' clinical duties and research duties fit into three categories: the similarity position, the difference position and the(More)
The question of 'who owns genetic information' is increasingly a focus of ethical inquiry. Applied to predictive testing, several recent critiques suggest that persons with a genetic disorder have a moral duty to disclose that information to other family members. The justification for this obligation is that genetic information belongs to and may benefit(More)
Genetic testing for hereditary breast-ovarian cancer has become an important part of clinical genetics practice. Although considerable work has focused on the psychological impact of this technology, there has been little research into the moral implications of genetic information on hereditary cancer families. In this article, the author examines moral(More)
Due to technological advances, an increasing number of infants and children are surviving with multi-organ system dysfunction, and some are reaching end-stage renal disease (ESRD). Many have quite limited life expectancies and may not be eligible for kidney transplantation but families request dialysis as alternative. In developed countries where resources(More)
The purpose of this study was to explore the connection between experiential knowledge of hereditary breast/ovarian cancer and understandings of personal cancer risk. Using a qualitative research design, the investigator conducted in-depth interviews with 53 individuals (45 female, 8 male) from families at high-risk for hereditary breast/ovarian cancer.(More)
Genetic testing promises earlier intervention and more successful outcomes for individuals at risk for hereditary breast/ovarian and colorectal cancer. Research shows that gender influences health and access to health care services. In this paper, we review theoretical issues of gender, and research outcomes, in relation to genetic testing for hereditary(More)
This qualitative study explored the impact of genetic risk information from BRCA1/2 testing on individuals' subjective understandings of self and self-identity. In-depth interviews were conducted with 39 participants (34 women and 5 men) who had received test results from BRCA1/2 testing. Themes emerging from qualitative data analysis revealed that(More)
BACKGROUND Communication is a critical component of effective teamwork and both are essential elements in providing high quality of care to patients. Yet, communication is not an innate skill but a process influenced by internal (personal/cultural values) as well as external (professional roles and hierarchies) factors. OBJECTIVE To provide illustrative(More)
Potential conflicts between the roles of physicians and researchers have been described at the theoretical level in the bioethics literature (Czoli, et al., 2011). Physicians and researchers are generally in mutually distinct roles, responsible for patients and participants respectively. With increasing emphasis on integration of research into clinical(More)