Learn More
BACKGROUND Assessment of the change in tumour burden is an important feature of the clinical evaluation of cancer therapeutics: both tumour shrinkage (objective response) and disease progression are useful endpoints in clinical trials. Since RECIST was published in 2000, many investigators, cooperative groups, industry and government authorities have(More)
PURPOSE The development of computer-aided diagnostic (CAD) methods for lung nodule detection, classification, and quantitative assessment can be facilitated through a well-characterized repository of computed tomography (CT) scans. The Lung Image Database Consortium (LIDC) and Image Database Resource Initiative (IDRI) completed such a database, establishing(More)
Accurate diagnosis of disease is a critical part of health care. New diagnostic and screening tests must be evaluated based on their abilities to discriminate diseased from nondiseased states. The partial area under the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve is a measure of diagnostic test accuracy. We present an interpretation of the partial area(More)
Modeling diagnostic error without a gold standard has been an active area of biostatistical research. In a majority of the approaches, model-based estimates of sensitivity, specificity, and prevalence are derived from a latent class model in which the latent variable represents an individual's true unobserved disease status. For simplicity, initial(More)
Polymorphisms in nitrosamine metabolism, DNA repair, and immune response genes have been associated with nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC). Studies have suggested chromosomal regions involved in NPC. To shed light on NPC etiology, we evaluated host gene expression patterns in 31 NPC and 10 normal nasopharyngeal tissue specimens using the Affymetrix Human(More)
We are often interested in estimating sensitivity and specificity of a group of raters or a set of new diagnostic tests in situations in which gold standard evaluation is expensive or invasive. Numerous authors have proposed latent modeling approaches for estimating diagnostic error without a gold standard. Albert and Dodd showed that, when modeling without(More)
Confirming the diagnosis of childhood tuberculosis is a major challenge. However, research on childhood tuberculosis as it relates to better diagnostics is often neglected because of technical difficulties, such as the slow growth in culture, the difficulty of obtaining specimens, and the diverse and relatively nonspecific clinical presentation of(More)
BACKGROUND Tuberculosis immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome (IRIS) is a common cause of deterioration in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected patients receiving tuberculosis treatment after starting antiretroviral therapy (ART). Potentially life-threatening neurological involvement occurs frequently and has been suggested as a reason to defer(More)
MOTIVATION Pixel saturation occurs when the pixel intensity exceeds a threshold and the recorded pixel intensity is truncated. Microarray experiments are commonly afflicted with saturated pixels. As a result, estimators of gene expression are biased, with the amount of bias increasing as a function of the proportion of pixels saturated. Saturation is(More)
Simian Hemorrhagic Fever Virus (SHFV) has caused sporadic outbreaks of hemorrhagic fevers in macaques at primate research facilities. SHFV is a BSL-2 pathogen that has not been linked to human disease; as such, investigation of SHFV pathogenesis in non-human primates (NHPs) could serve as a model for hemorrhagic fever viruses such as Ebola, Marburg, and(More)