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Leukocytosis following exercise is a well-described phenomenon of stress/inflammatory activation in healthy humans. We hypothesized that, despite this increase in circulating inflammatory cells, exercise would paradoxically induce expression of both pro- and anti-inflammatory cytokines and growth factors within these cells. To test this hypothesis, 11(More)
Brief high intensity exercise induces peripheral leukocytosis possibly leading to a higher incidence of allergic symptoms in athletes undergoing excessive training. We studied the exercise-induced alternation of circulating Tregs and FoxP3+ Tregs due to acute intense swim exercise in elite swimmers (n = 22, 12 males, age = 15.4 yrs). Twelve had prior or(More)
An important defect in insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM) is that the liver does not meet its full fuel-processing function, because many of the enzymes involved depend on high insulin concentrations in the portal vein. We tried to reactivate the liver by long-term treatment of IDDM patients with intravenous insulin in pulses, with the aim of(More)
Barth Syndrome (BTHS) is a serious X-linked genetic disorder associated with mutations in the tafazzin gene (TAZ, also called G4.5). The multi-system disorder is primarily characterized by the following pathologies: cardiac and skeletal myopathies, neutropenia, growth delay, and exercise intolerance. Although growth anomalies have been widely reported in(More)
Maximal oxygen uptake (VO(2max)) is commonly divided by body mass or fat-free mass (body mass minus fat mass) in order to make it size independent so that comparisons among persons of different size can be made. However, numerous studies have shown that the ratio created is not size-independent. Analysis of covariance (ANCOVA) allows a dependent variable to(More)
This brief lifestyle intervention, including a vegan diet rich in fresh fruits and vegetables, whole grains and various legumes, nuts and seeds, significantly improved health risk factors and reduced systemic inflammation as measured by circulating CRP. The degree of improvement was associated with baseline CRP such that higher levels predicted greater(More)
To evaluate pituitary and pituitary-dependent target organ function in men infected with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), 26 ambulatory HIV-positive men (13 with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome [AIDS]) and nine healthy control men were administered rapid sequential injections of thyrotropin (TSH)-releasing hormone (TRH), gonadotropin-releasing(More)
OBJECTIVE Whether or not individuals with allergy and asthma experience different patterns of change in the balance of both pro- and anti-inflammatory mediators with acute exercise is not known. We hypothesized that adolescent swimmers with a clinical diagnosis of respiratory allergy would have an exaggerated proinflammatory response to laboratory exercise(More)
UNLABELLED Cancer treatment is associated with decreased hemoglobin (Hb) concentration and aerobic fitness (VO2 max), which may contribute to cancer-related fatigue (CRF) and decreased quality of life (QoL). Endurance exercise may attenuate CRF and improve QoL, but the mechanisms have not been thoroughly investigated. Objectives. To (a) determine the(More)
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