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Regenerative medicine represents a critical clinical goal for patients with ESRD, but the identification of renal adult multipotent progenitor cells has remained elusive. It is demonstrated that in human adult kidneys, a subset of parietal epithelial cells (PEC) in the Bowman's capsule exhibit coexpression of the stem cell markers CD24 and CD133 and of the(More)
BACKGROUND CD2-associated protein (CD2AP) is a crucial protein for the slit-diaphragm assembly and function. In spite of the fact that CD2AP knockout causes nephrotic syndrome in mice and the heterozygous +/- mouse is prone to proteinuria, little is known about the relevance of this molecule in human renal pathology. METHODS A total of 80 Italian patients(More)
Diabetes is the leading cause of ESRD because diabetic nephropathy develops in 30 to 40% of patients. Diabetic nephropathy does not develop in the absence of hyperglycemia, even in the presence of a genetic predisposition. Multigenetic predisposition contributes in the development of diabetic nephropathy, thus supporting that many factors are involved in(More)
BACKGROUND The risks associated with performing a percutaneous renal biopsy have substantially decreased in the past two decades because of technical advances in the method. However, bleeding complications still occur, resulting in increased hospital stay and treatment costs. METHODS We investigated the predictive value of demographics (age, gender),(More)
In vitro and in vivo studies suggest that liver fat-storing cells (FSC) may play an important role in the development of liver fibrosis. We explored the effects of platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF), epidermal growth factor (EGF), transforming growth factor (TGF)-alpha and TGF-beta, and basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) on DNA synthesis and growth of(More)
Recently, we have identified a population of renal progenitor cells in human kidneys showing regenerative potential for injured renal tissue of SCID mice. We demonstrate here that among all known chemokine receptors, human renal progenitor cells exhibit high expression of both stromal-derived factor-1 (SDF-1) receptors, CXCR4 and CXCR7. In SCID mice with(More)
Bone marrow-and adult kidney-derived stem/progenitor cells hold promise in the development of therapies for renal failure. Here is reported the identification and characterization of renal multipotent progenitors in human embryonic kidneys that share CD24 and CD133 surface expression with adult renal progenitors and have the capacity for self-renewal and(More)
BACKGROUND Recipients of organ transplants are susceptible to Kaposi's sarcoma as a result of treatment with immunosuppressive drugs. Sirolimus (rapamycin), an immunosuppressive drug, may also have antitumor effects. METHODS We stopped cyclosporine therapy in 15 kidney-transplant recipients who had biopsy-proven Kaposi's sarcoma and began sirolimus(More)
BACKGROUND Obstructive nephropathy is characterized at the histologic level by tubular atrophy and interstitial monocyte infiltration. The molecular mechanisms underlying these histologic changes are still poorly defined. Epidermal growth factor (EGF) produced by tubular cells seems to play a pivotal role in the modulation of tubular cell growth, while(More)
T helper type 1 (Th1)-type CD4(+) antitumor T cell help appears critical to the induction and maintenance of antitumor cytotoxic T lymphocyte (CTL) responses in vivo. In contrast, Th2- or Th3/Tr-type CD4(+) T cell responses may subvert Th1-type cell-mediated immunity, providing a microenvironment conducive to disease progression. We have recently identified(More)