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Expression of muscle-specific beta1D integrin with an alternatively spliced cytoplasmic domain in CHO and GD25, beta1 integrin-minus cells leads to their phenotypic conversion. beta1D-transfected nonmuscle cells display rounded morphology, lack of pseudopodial activity, retarded spreading, reduced migration, and significantly enhanced contractility compared(More)
The integrin subunit beta 1B, a beta 1 isoform with a unique sequence at the cytoplasmic domain, forms heterodimers with integrin alpha chains and binds fibronectin, but it does not localize to focal adhesion sites (Balzac, F., A. Belkin, V. Koteliansky, Y. Balabanow, F. Altruda, L. Silengo, and G. Tarone. 1993. J. Cell Biol. 121:171-178). Here we analyze(More)
Phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K) activity is crucial for leukocyte function, but the roles of the four receptor-activated isoforms are unclear. Mice lacking heterotrimeric guanine nucleotide-binding protein (G protein)-coupled PI3Kgamma were viable and had fully differentiated neutrophils and macrophages. Chemoattractant-stimulated PI3Kgamma-/- neutrophils(More)
Citron-kinase (Citron-K) has been proposed by in vitro studies as a crucial effector of Rho in regulation of cytokinesis. To further investigate in vivo its biologic functions, we have inactivated Citron-K gene in mice by homologous recombination. Citron-K-/- mice grow at slower rates, are severely ataxic, and die before adulthood as a consequence of fatal(More)
BACKGROUND Even in the post-genomic era, the identification of candidate genes within loci associated with human genetic diseases is a very demanding task, because the critical region may typically contain hundreds of positional candidates. Since genes implicated in similar phenotypes tend to share very similar expression profiles, high throughput gene(More)
The concept that extracellular vesicles may act as paracrine/endocrine effectors is based on the evidence that they are able to transport bioactive molecules between cells, either within a defined microenvironment or remotely, by entering the biologic fluids. Extracellular vesicles, including exosomes and microvesicles, may deliver lipids and various(More)
Rat pheochromocytoma PC12 cells exposed to nerve growth factor differentiate as sympathetic neurons and extend neurites on laminin and to a much lesser extent on fibronectin. Analysis of laminin fragments indicated that neurite outgrowth occurs mainly on fragment P1, corresponding to the center of the cross, and only poorly on fragment E8, a long arm(More)
This Provisional PDF corresponds to the article as it appeared upon acceptance. The fully-formatted PDF version will become available in approximately two weeks after the date of publication, from the URL listed below. Like all articles in BMC journals, this peer-reviewed article was published immediately upon acceptance. It can be downloaded, printed and(More)
Protection against oxidative damage caused by excessive reactive oxygen species (ROS) by an antioxidant network is essential for the health of tissues, especially in the cardiovascular system. Here, we identified a gene with important antioxidant features by analyzing a null allele of zebrafish ubiad1, called barolo (bar). bar mutants show specific(More)
In this paper we report that the integrin complex alpha 1/beta 1, a laminin/collagen receptor, is expressed on cultured foreskin microvascular endothelium, but is absent on endothelial cells from large vessels such as the aorta and umbilical and femoral veins. The restricted expression of integrin alpha 1/beta 1 to microvascular endothelium was also(More)