Lorenzo P Menzel

Learn More
Because tunicates rely on innate immunity, their hemocytes are important contributors to host defense. Styela clava, a solitary ascidian, have eight hemocyte subtypes. Extracts of their total hemocyte population contained multiple small (2-4 kDa) antimicrobial peptides. When purified, these fell into two distinct families that were named styelins and(More)
Plicatamide (Phe-Phe-His-Leu-His-Phe-His-dc Delta DOPA), where dc Delta DOPA represents decarboxy-(E)-alpha,beta-dehydro-3,4-dihydroxyphenylalanine, is a potently antimicrobial octapeptide from the blood cells of the solitary tunicate, Styela plicata. Wild type and methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) responded to plicatamide exposure with a(More)
Antimicrobial peptides play an important role in innate host defenses against infection. Clavanins are histidine-rich, amidated, 23-residue alpha-helical antimicrobial peptides that were isolated from a mixed population of Styela clava hemocytes. To learn which types of hemocytes contained clavanins, we raised a polyclonal antibody that recognized five(More)
The octocoral Swiftia exserta has been utilized extensively in our laboratory to study innate immune reactions in Cnidaria such as wound healing, auto- and allo-graft reactions, and for some classical "foreign body" phagocytosis experiments. All of these reactions occur in the coenenchyme of the animal, the colonial tissue surrounding the axial skeleton in(More)
Lethal systemic fungal infections of Candida species are increasingly common, especially in immune compromised patients. By in vitro screening of small molecule mimics of naturally occurring host defense peptides (HDP), we have identified several active antifungal molecules, which also exhibited potent activity in two mouse models of oral candidiasis. Here(More)
Most animals rely on circulating hemocytes as cellular effectors of immunity. These cells traditionally have been characterized by morphology, function, and cellular contents. Morphological descriptions use granule differences and cell shapes; functional descriptions rely on phagocytic ability and oxygen transport; and cellular content descriptions include(More)
  • 1