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We have evaluated the efficacy of 18 cationic mitochondrial dyes that, as a class, show some ability to stain living nerve terminals. Several of these agents provide excellent staining of neuromuscular junctions in a wide range of species. More detailed studies of the most effective of these dyes--4-(4-diethylaminostyryl)-N-methylpyridinium iodide(More)
Animal cells are the sole habitat for a variety of bacteria. Molecular sequence data have been used to position a number of these intracellular microorganisms in the overall scheme of eubacterial evolution. Most of them have been classified as proteobacteria or chlamydiae. Here we present molecular evidence placing an intracellular symbiont among the(More)
Identified neuromuscular junctions were followed in the sternomastoid muscle of living mice for several months by repeated staining with the fluorescent dye 4-(4-diethylaminostyryl)-N-methylpyridinium iodide (4-Di-2-ASP; Magrassi et al., 1987). Overall terminal growth occurred at many endplates; however, the branching pattern of presynaptic arbors was(More)
The effect of olfactory placode transplantation on the differentiation of the optic vesicle and stalk has been studied in Xenopus laevis embryos. Host embryos (stages 23-24) received the transplant of two olfactory placodes from same-stage donors in place of a partially or totally removed optic vesicle. All tadpoles were sacrificed at stages 47-50. The host(More)
OBJECT The goal of this study was to investigate whether the janus kinase/signal transducer and activator of transcription (JAK/STAT) signal transduction pathway is present and active in meningiomas. The results of these investigations are important for all meningioma therapies that, similar to interferon-alpha-2B (IFNalpha-2B), depend on activation of this(More)
All cockroaches examined so far have been found to harbour a bacterial endosymbiont in specialized cells of the fat body, whereas Mastotermes darwiniensis is the only termite currently known to harbour an intracellular symbiont. The localization and mode of transmission of these bacteria are surprisingly similar, but so far no data have been published on(More)
Marfan Syndrome (MFS) is an autosomal dominant disorder of the connective tissue due to mutations of Fibrillin-1 gene (FBN1) in more than 90% of cases and Transforming Growth Factor-Beta-Receptor2 gene (TGFB2R) in a minority of cases. Genotyping is relevant for diagnosis and genotype-phenotype correlations. We describe the FBN1 genotypes and related(More)
Fusion of bone marrow-derived cells with adult Purkinje cells in the cerebellum gives rise to binucleated Purkinje cells. Whether fusion can be modulated by epigenetic factors and whether fused neurons are stable has remained unclear. Here, we show that in mice and rats, partial ablation of Purkinje cells and local microglial activation in the absence of(More)
Previously we found that the availability of ShcA adapter is maximal in neural stem cells but that it is absent in mature neurons. Here we report that ShcC, unlike ShcA, is not present in neural stem/progenitor cells, but is expressed after cessation of their division and becomes selectively enriched in mature neurons. Analyses of its activity in(More)
The proliferative potential of human brain tumors was investigated, in vivo, using bromodeoxyuridine (BUDR) incorporation and flow cytometry (FCM). Patients with a variety of human brain tumors were preoperatively injected with 250 mg of BUDR intravenously. The cell cycle parameters of most of the specimen were measured within 24 h of sampling. The results(More)