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Identified neuromuscular junctions were followed in the sternomastoid muscle of living mice for several months by repeated staining with the fluorescent dye 4-(4-diethylaminostyryl)-N-methylpyridinium iodide (4-Di-2-ASP; Magrassi et al., 1987). Overall terminal growth occurred at many endplates; however, the branching pattern of presynaptic arbors was(More)
Glioblastomas, the most frequent and malignant of primary brain tumors, have a very poor prognosis. Gene therapy of glioblastomas is limited by the short survival of viral vectors and by their difficulty in reaching glioblastoma cells infiltrating the brain parenchyma. Neural stem/progenitor cells can be engineered to produce therapeutic molecules and have(More)
Animal cells are the sole habitat for a variety of bacteria. Molecular sequence data have been used to position a number of these intracellular microorganisms in the overall scheme of eubacterial evolution. Most of them have been classified as proteobacteria or chlamydiae. Here we present molecular evidence placing an intracellular symbiont among the(More)
The different cerebellar phenotypes are generated according to a precise time schedule during embryonic and postnatal development. To assess whether the differentiative potential of cerebellar progenitors is progressively restricted in space and time we examined the fate of embryonic day 12 (E12) or postnatal day 4 (P4) cerebellar cells after(More)
Fusion of bone marrow-derived cells with adult Purkinje cells in the cerebellum gives rise to binucleated Purkinje cells. Whether fusion can be modulated by epigenetic factors and whether fused neurons are stable has remained unclear. Here, we show that in mice and rats, partial ablation of Purkinje cells and local microglial activation in the absence of(More)
Marfan Syndrome (MFS) is an autosomal dominant disorder of the connective tissue due to mutations of Fibrillin-1 gene (FBN1) in more than 90% of cases and Transforming Growth Factor-Beta-Receptor2 gene (TGFB2R) in a minority of cases. Genotyping is relevant for diagnosis and genotype-phenotype correlations. We describe the FBN1 genotypes and related(More)
Different cerebellar phenotypes are generated according to a precise spatiotemporal schedule, in which projection neurons precede local interneurons. Glutamatergic neurons develop from the rhombic lip, whereas GABAergic neurons originate from the ventricular neuroepithelium. Progenitors in these germinal layers are committed toward specific phenotypes(More)
In most CNS regions, the variety of inhibitory interneurons originates from separate pools of progenitors residing in discrete germinal domains, where they become committed to specific phenotypes and positions during their last mitosis. We show here that GABAergic interneurons of the rodent cerebellum are generated through a different mechanism. Progenitors(More)
Previously we found that the availability of ShcA adapter is maximal in neural stem cells but that it is absent in mature neurons. Here we report that ShcC, unlike ShcA, is not present in neural stem/progenitor cells, but is expressed after cessation of their division and becomes selectively enriched in mature neurons. Analyses of its activity in(More)
To elucidate the mechanisms that regulate neuronal placement and integration in the cerebellar circuitry, we assessed the fate of Purkinje cells transplanted to embryonic, juvenile and adult hosts, asking how architectural changes of the developing cortex influence their anatomical incorporation. Donor Purkinje cells navigate through the host parenchyma(More)