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Facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy has been genetically linked to reduced numbers (≤ 8) of D4Z4 repeats at 4q35 combined with 4A(159/161/168) DUX4 polyadenylation signal haplotype. However, we have recently reported that 1.3% of healthy individuals carry this molecular signature and 19% of subjects affected by facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy do(More)
Single intramuscular doses of scopolamine and matching placebo were administered to young, healthy, and emmetropic volunteers. Electroretinograms and visual evoked potentials (flash and pattern stimuli) were recorded prior to and 30, 90, and 120 min after administration. The effects of scopolamine at the central nervous system level were monitored also by(More)
The congenital myopathies are a group of inherited neuromuscular disorders mainly defined on the basis of characteristic histopathological features. We analysed 66 patients assessed at a single centre over a 5 year period. Of the 54 patients where muscle biopsy was available, 29 (54%) had a core myopathy (central core disease, multi-minicore disease), 9(More)
Aim of this study is to verify whether there is concordance between disease's severity, health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and disability in patients with myasthenia gravis (MG). 102 MG patients were clustered on the basis of HRQoL and disability scores into three groups: low disability and low HRQoL decrement (51 patients), intermediate disability and(More)
There has been clinical and experimental evidence that cholinergic compounds and precursors of choline are potentially useful in the treatment of dementia. Anticholinergic compounds have also been proposed as a possible acute model for pharmaco-EEG studies focussed on CNS aging. Single doses of scopolamine (0.25-0.75 mg i.m.) and a matching placebo were(More)
Preclinical studies demonstrated that erythropoietin is neuroprotective in different models of peripheral and central nervous system diseases. We investigated safety and tolerability of recombinant human erythropoietin (rhEPO) in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). We performed a phase II double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled study. After screening,(More)
OBJECTIVES Facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy type 1 (FSHD1) has been genetically linked to reduced numbers (≤ 8) of D4Z4 repeats at 4q35. Particularly severe FSHD cases, characterised by an infantile onset and presence of additional extra-muscular features, have been associated with the shortest D4Z4 reduced alleles with 1-3 repeats (1-3 DRA). We(More)
Electroretinograms and retinal oscillatory potentials to full-field flash stimulation were recorded by dermal electrodes in a population of subjects (1 to 84 yrs) balanced for age and sex (119 females, 133 males), without evidence or history of ocular and/or relevant systemic diseases. The electroretinogram latencies and b-wave amplitude increased, while(More)
Thymoma-associated myasthenia gravis is considered a more severe disease compared with non-thymomatous myasthenia gravis and is generally associated with antibodies to the acetylcholine receptor (AChR-Ab). Even though a single case of thymoma-associated myasthenia gravis with anti-muscle specific kinase (MuSK) antibodies has been reported, to our knowledge,(More)