Lorenzo Frigerio

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The plant trans-Golgi network/early endosome (TGN/EE) is a major hub for secretory and endocytic trafficking with complex molecular mechanisms controlling sorting and transport of cargo. Vacuolar transport from the TGN/EE to multivesicular bodies/late endosomes (MVBs/LEs) is assumed to occur via clathrin-coated vesicles, although direct proof for their(More)
We generated fusions between three Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana) tonoplast intrinsic proteins (TIPs; alpha-, gamma-, and delta-TIP) and yellow fluorescent protein (YFP). We also produced soluble reporters consisting of the monomeric red fluorescent protein (RFP) and either the C-terminal vacuolar sorting signal of phaseolin or the sequence-specific(More)
To acquire information on the relationships between structural maturation of proteins in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) and their transport along the secretory pathway, we have analyzed the destiny of an assembly-defective form of the trimeric vacuolar storage glycoprotein phaseolin. In leaves of transgenic tobacco, where assembly-competent phaseolin is(More)
Phaseolin, one of the major legume proteins for human nutrition, is a trimeric glycoprotein of the 7S class that accumulates in the protein storage vacuoles of common bean. Phaseolin is cotranslationally introduced into the lumen of the endoplasmic reticulum; from there, it is transported through the Golgi complex to the storage vacuoles. Phaseolin is also(More)
Ricin is a heterodimeric toxin that accumulates in the storage vacuoles of castor bean (Ricinus communis) endosperm. Proricin is synthesized as a single polypeptide precursor comprising the catalytic A chain and the Gal-binding B chain joined by a 12-amino acid linker propeptide. Upon arrival in the vacuole, the linker is removed. Here, we replicate these(More)
The ER (endoplasmic reticulum) in higher plants forms a pleomorphic web of membrane tubules and small cisternae that pervade the cytoplasm, but in particular form a polygonal network at the cortex of the cell which may be anchored to the plasma membrane. The network is associated with the actin cytoskeleton and demonstrates extensive mobility, which is most(More)
The catalytic A subunit of ricin can inactivate eukaryotic ribosomes, including those of Ricinus communis where the toxin is naturally produced. How such plant cells avoid intoxication has remained an open question. Here we report the transient expression of a number of ricin A chain-encoding cDNA constructs in tobacco protoplasts. Ricin A chain entered the(More)
The tetrapeptide KDEL is commonly found at the C terminus of soluble proteins of the endoplasmic reticulum (ER), and it contributes to their localization by interacting with a receptor that recycles between the Golgi complex and the ER. We investigated the effects of the addition of KDEL to phaseolin, a protein normally delivered from the ER to storage(More)
Secretory immunoglobulin (Ig) A is a decameric Ig composed of four alpha-heavy chains, four light chains, a joining (J) chain, and a secretory component (SC). The heavy and light chains form two tetrameric Ig molecules that are joined by the J chain and associate with the SC. Expression of a secretory monoclonal antibody in tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum) has(More)
We describe the engineering of a human immunodeficiency virus-1 (HIV-1) p24-immunoglobulin A (IgA) antigen-antibody fusion molecule for therapeutic purposes and its enhancing effect on fused antigen expression in tobacco plants. Although many recombinant proteins have been expressed in transgenic plants as vaccine candidates, low levels of expression are a(More)