Lorenzo F. Muñoz

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The emergence of dabigatran, rivaroxaban and apixaban has changed the approach to anticoagulation for patients worldwide. Continued approval of novel oral anticoagulants (NOAC) for non-valvular atrial fibrillation and venous thromboembolism will result in increasing use of these medications over warfarin. Morbidity and mortality of anticoagulant related(More)
Discovering states of genetic expression that are true to a high degree of certainty is likely to predict gene function behind biological phenotypes. The states of expression (up- or down-regulated) of 19200 cDNAs in 10 meningiomas are compared with normal brain by an algorithm that detects only 1 false measurement per 192000; 364 genes are discovered. The(More)
Small-bowel ischemia and necrosis due to knotting of the peritoneal catheter is an extremely rare complication related to a ventriculoperitoneal shunt (VPS). A 3-month-old girl, with a history of Chiari II malformation and myelomeningocele (MM) after undergoing right occipital VPS insertion and MM repair at birth, presented to the emergency department with(More)
The microarray array experimental system generates noisy data that require validation by other experimental methods for measuring gene expression. Here we present an algebraic modeling of noise that extracts expression measurements true to a high degree of confidence. This work profiles the expression of 19 200 cDNAs in 35 human gliomas; the experiments are(More)
BACKGROUND This report focuses on the overall survival and complications associated with treatment of cerebral metastases with surgical resection followed by stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS). Management and complications of corticosteroid therapy are underreported in the literature but represent an important source of morbidity for patients. METHODS(More)
We report an exceedingly rare patient with a hyperdense suprasellar dermoid cyst and a pertinent review of the literature. Intracranial dermoid tumors are rare congenital lesions of the brain that account for less than 1% of all intracranial tumors. Even though they are rare, typical CT scan and MRI features and location allow radiological diagnosis in the(More)
BACKGROUND Cerebral metastases are a common neurosurgical finding. Surgery confers several advantages to other therapies, including immediate symptomatic improvement, diagnosis, and relief from corticosteroid dependence. Here we evaluate patients with cerebellar metastases who underwent surgery and compare their findings to those in the literature, and(More)
BACKGROUND Neurosurgical trainees regularly encounter critical care situations. Traditionally, education was accomplished through lecture and experience. Increasingly, human patient simulators (HPS) are employed, allowing trainees to sharpen skills in a safe and realistic environment. We describe our experience using HPS in neurosurgical training. METHODS(More)
BACKGROUND The surgical management of cerebral metastases to the eloquent cortex is a controversial topic. Precentral gyrus lesions are often treated with whole brain radiation therapy (WBRT) or stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) because of the concern for causing new or worsened postoperative neurological deficits. However, there is evidence in the literature(More)
OBJECTIVE Therapeutic hypothermia is a promising treatment to prevent secondary neurologic injury. Clinical utility is limited by systemic complications of global hypothermia. Selective brain cooling remains a largely uninvestigated application. We review techniques of inducing selective brain cooling. METHOD Literature review. RESULTS Strategies of(More)