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BACKGROUND We tested the hypothesis that prophylactic cardiac-resynchronization therapy in the form of biventricular stimulation with a pacemaker with or without a defibrillator would reduce the risk of death and hospitalization among patients with advanced chronic heart failure and intraventricular conduction delays. METHODS A total of 1520 patients who(More)
BACKGROUND The mortality rate among patients with coronary artery disease, abnormal ventricular function, and unsustained ventricular tachycardia is high. The usefulness of electrophysiologic testing for risk stratification in these patients is unclear. METHODS We performed electrophysiologic testing in patients who had coronary artery disease, a left(More)
A large multicentre study on the short and long term clinical and developmental outcome of infants randomised to different diets is being undertaken. This report represents an interim analysis of the early postnatal growth performance of an unselected population of 194 preterm infants (gestation, mean (SD) 31 . 0 (2 . 9) weeks; birthweight, mean (SD) 1364(More)
BACKGROUND The factors that determine the risk for sudden death or implantable cardioverter defibrillator therapy in patients receiving cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) therapies are largely unknown. METHODS AND RESULTS We hypothesized that clinical measures of heart failure severity and the presence of comorbid conditions would predict the risk of(More)
Fifteen patients aged 59.3 +/- 11.5 years (mean +/- standard deviation [SD]) had recurrent symptomatic ventricular tachycardia (VT) refractory to at least 2 conventional antiarrhythmic drugs. All patients had organic heart disease; 4 had an acute myocardial infarction. The mean ejection fraction was 0.30 +/- 0.09. TWelve patients had overt congestive heart(More)
Electrophysiologic and hemodynamic studies were performed before and after intravenous infusion of a new antiarrhythmic agent, propafenone, in 28 patients with recurrent ventricular tachycardia. Propafenone was given at a loading dose of 2 mg/kg in all patients. Subsequently, group A, the first 14 patients, received 1 mg/min and group B, the second 14(More)
OBJECTIVE To characterize the feasibility and safety of a wireless networked system incorporating physiologic assessments and direct confirmation of digital tablet ingestions in ambulatory patients with schizophrenia or bipolar disorder. METHOD In this 4-week observational study conducted between May 2010 and May 2011 at 2 US academic clinical study(More)
OBJECTIVE ANTHEM-HF evaluated a novel autonomic regulation therapy (ART) via either left or right vagus nerve stimulation (VNS) in patients with heart failure (HF) and reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF). METHODS AND RESULTS Sixty subjects (New York Heart Association [NYHA] functional class II-III, left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) ≤ 40%, left(More)
Magnesium has been used empirically for several decades in the treatment of atrial and ventricular arrhythmias in patients with normal and decreased serum magnesium levels. However, a systematic evaluation of the effects of magnesium on cardiac conduction and refractoriness in humans has not been described. In this study, the electrocardiographic and(More)
Tachycardia detection by implantable antitachycardia devices using rate alone has major limitations. Several alternative methods have been proposed to distinguish ventricular tachycardia or ventricular fibrillation from normal sinus rhythm using intracardiac electrograms. These methods have not been tested, however, for recognition of ventricular(More)