Lorenzo Ciceroni

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This investigation is the first nationwide survey on the circulation of leptospira infections in human beings in Italy. In nine out of twenty Italian regions, representative samples of the population were investigated for the presence of leptospira infections. Unexpectedly, leptospira infections were found to be widespread, the number of cases being much(More)
In the three-year period 1994–1996, 222 reports on human cases of leptospirosis were received by the Italian Ministry of Health. The average annual number of reports was 29.2% lower than in the preceding eight years. In all cases but two the infections were thought to have been acquired in Italy. As in previous years, the majority of cases was observed in(More)
A seroepidemiological study to determine the prevalence of human Lyme borreliosis and tick-borne relapsing fever was carried out in three communities (Camiri, Boyuibe and Gutierrez) of the Cordillera Province, Santa Cruz Department, south-eastern Bolivia. Anti-B. burgdorferi, anti-B. turicatae and anti-B. parkeri antibodies, tested by the indirect(More)
A serological survey for antibodies to Leptospira spp. was conducted on sheep, goat and dog serum samples collected in three localities in Cordillera province in the southern part of the Santa Cruz Department (Bolivia) in 1992. A total of 98 sheep, 218 goats and 43 dogs were tested against 29 leptospiral serovars using the microscopic agglutination test. At(More)
The ticks Ixodes persulcatus and Ixodes ricinus are the main vectors of both Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato and tick-borne encephalitis (TBE) virus in Eurasia. Borrelia burgdorferi is the cause of Lyme borreliosis, and TBE is a biphasic meningoencephalitis induced by an arbovirus belonging to the flavivirus family. The principal aims of the current(More)
A serosurvey for antibodies to Borrelia burgdorferi using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was conducted on sheep, goat and dog serum samples collected in Cordillera Province, Bolivia, in 1992 Sera from 98 sheep, 218 goats and 43 dogs were tested. The observed seroprevalence in sheep and dogs was 0.0%, whereas the seropositivity rate for goat(More)
This paper is a brief review of the epidemiology of Lyme disease in Italy. The first case of the illness was identified by Crovato in Liguria in 1983. In the following years, many other cases have been reported from all Italian regions with the exception of Valle d'Aosta, Basilicata and Calabria. The exact number of cases in our country is not known because(More)
A serologic survey for antibodies to Borrelia burgdorferi was conducted on sheep and goat serum samples collected in Alto Adige-South Tyrol, Italy, in 1990. Sera were tested by Indirect Immune Fluorescence Assay (IIFA) and Microbial Adherence Immobilization Assay (MAIA). IIFA and/or MAIA anti-B. burgdorferi antibodies were detected in 14.1% of the 269 sheep(More)
A survey on the prevalence of leptospirosis was performed on the population living in an area of central Italy. The size of the sample was calculated in order to provide significant results in the case of a prevalence of infection in not less than 1 % of the population. Results demonstrated an unexpectedly wide circulation of leptospirosis in the surveyed(More)