Lorenzo Chiari

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When using optoelectronic stereophotogrammetry, skin deformation and displacement causes marker movement with respect to the underlying bone. This movement represents an artifact, which affects the estimation of the skeletal system kinematics, and is regarded as the most critical source of error in human movement analysis. A comprehensive review of the(More)
OBJECTIVE To recognize and quantify the influence of biomechanical factors, namely anthropometry and foot placement, on the more common measures of stabilometric performance, including new-generation stochastic parameters. DESIGN Fifty normal-bodied young adults were selected in order to cover a sufficiently wide range of anthropometric properties. They(More)
OBJECTIVE To quantify postural sway in subjects with Parkinson's disease and elderly controls, and determine the effects of Parkinson's disease, deep brain stimulation, levodopa, and their interactions on postural control during quiet stance. METHODS Centre of foot pressure (CoP) displacement under each foot was measured during three 60 s trials of quiet(More)
Despite extensive preventive efforts, falls continue to be a major source of morbidity and mortality among elderly. Real-time detection of falls and their urgent communication to a telecare center may enable rapid medical assistance, thus increasing the sense of security of the elderly and reducing some of the negative consequences of falls. Many different(More)
Clinicians need a practical, objective test of postural control that is sensitive to mild neurological disease, shows experimental and clinical validity, and has good test-retest reliability. We developed an instrumented test of postural sway (ISway) using a body-worn accelerometer to offer an objective and practical measure of postural control. We(More)
Subjects with unilateral vestibular loss exhibit motor control impairments as shown by body and limb deviation during gait. Biofeedback devices have been shown to improve stance postural control, especially when sensory information is limited by environmental conditions or pathologies such as unilateral vestibular loss. However, the extent to which(More)
This paper sets the stage for a series of reviews dealing with the problems associated with the reconstruction and analysis of in vivo skeletal system kinematics using optoelectronic stereophotogrammetric data. Instantaneous bone position and orientation and joint kinematic variable estimations are addressed in the framework of rigid body mechanics. The(More)
Estimating the effects of different sources of error on joint kinematics is crucial for assessing the reliability of human movement analysis. The goal of the present paper is to review the different approaches dealing with joint kinematics sensitivity to rotation axes and the precision of anatomical landmark determination. Consistent with the previous(More)
Most of the knowledge on falls of older persons has been obtained from oral reports that might be biased in many ways. Fall simulations are widely used to gain insight into circumstances of falls, but the results, at least concerning fall detection, are not convincing. Variation of acceleration and maximum jerk of 5 real-world backward falls of 4 older(More)
1. Short-term autonomic response to haemodialysis-induced hypovolaemia was studied in 30 patients undergoing chronic haemodialysis by analysing power spectra of heart-period variability. Patients were classified as haemodynamically stable (15 patients) and unstable (15 patients) according to their past history of cardiovascular collapse during the(More)