Lorenzo Carlucci

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U-shaped learning is a learning behaviour in which the learner first learns a given target behaviour, then unlearns it and finally relearns it. Such a behaviour, observed by psychologists, for example, in the learning of past-tenses of English verbs, has been widely discussed among psychologists and cognitive scientists as a fundamental example of the(More)
U-shaped learning behaviour in cognitive development involves learning, unlearning and relearning. It occurs, for example, in learning irregular verbs. The prior cog-nitive science literature is occupied with how humans do it, for example, general rules versus tables of exceptions. This paper is mostly concerned with whether U-shaped learning behaviour may(More)
The paper deals with the following problem: is returning to wrong conjectures necessary to achieve full power of algorithmic learning? Returning to wrong conjectures complements the paradigm of U-shaped learning [3,7,9,24,29] when a learner returns to old correct conjectures. We explore our problem for classical models of learning in the limit from positive(More)
We define a direct translation from finite rooted trees to finite natural functions which shows that the Worm Principle introduced by Lev Beklemishev is equivalent to a very slight variant of the well-known Kirby-Paris' Hydra Game. We further show that the elements in a reduction sequence of the Worm Principle determine a bad sequence in the(More)