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Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is closely correlated to several metabolic syndrome features. We assessed prospectively whether NAFLD predicts future cardiovascular disease (CVD) events among type 2 diabetic individuals, independent of metabolic syndrome features and other classical risk factors. We carried out a prospective nested case-control(More)
OBJECTIVE Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is closely associated with several metabolic syndrome features. We assessed whether NAFLD is associated with carotid artery intima-media thickness (IMT) as a marker of subclinical atherosclerosis and whether such an association is independent of classical risk factors, insulin resistance, and metabolic(More)
1 R ecent data suggest that the presence of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) in type 2 diabetes may be linked to increased cardiovascular disease (CVD) independent of components of the metabolic syndrome (1–3), although this hypothesis needs verification in larger studies. We assessed whether NAFLD, as diagnosed by ultrasound, predicts the risk of(More)
OBJECTIVE To estimate the prevalence of hypovitaminosis D among type 2 diabetic adults and to assess the relationship between hypovitaminosis D and intimal medial thickening (IMT) of the common carotid artery, a marker of preclinical atherosclerosis. DESIGN, PATIENTS AND MEASUREMENTS We compared winter serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D3 [25(OH)D] concentrations(More)
We assessed the differential contribution of nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) and visceral adiposity to nontraditional cardiovascular risk biomarkers in adult men. We enrolled 45 consecutive, overweight, male patients with biopsy-proven NASH, 45 overweight male patients without ultrasound-diagnosed hepatic steatosis, and 45 healthy male volunteers. All(More)
AIMS To evaluate whether plasma biomarkers of inflammation and endothelial dysfunction differed in Type 1 diabetic patients as compared with those in non-diabetic subjects, and to examine the association of these biomarkers with early stages of microvascular complications. METHODS Plasma biomarkers of inflammation [fibrinogen, hs-C-reactive protein(More)
AIMS To estimate the prevalence of cardiovascular disease (CVD) in Type 2 diabetic patients with and without non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), and to assess whether NAFLD is independently related to prevalent CVD. METHODS We studied 400 Type 2 diabetic patients with NAFLD and 400 diabetic patients without NAFLD who were matched for age and sex.(More)
It is unknown whether chronic kidney disease (CKD) is associated with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease among patients with type 2 diabetes. We followed 1760 outpatients with type 2 diabetes and normal or near-normal kidney function and without overt proteinuria for 6.5 yr for the occurrence of CKD (defined as overt proteinuria and/or estimated GFR <60(More)
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease in type 2 diabetes. Currently, there is a lack of information on associations between NAFLD and microvascular complications of diabetes. We assessed the associations between NAFLD and both chronic kidney disease (CKD) and retinopathy in a(More)
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is associated with an increased prevalence of chronic kidney disease (CKD) and retinopathy in patients with type 2 diabetes. Information on this issue is lacking for type 1 diabetes. We evaluated whether NAFLD is associated with increased prevalence of retinopathy and CKD in type 1 diabetic patients.(More)