Lorenzo Azzalini

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BACKGROUND Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is characterised by fatty deposition in the hepatocytes of patients with minimal or no alcohol intake and without other known cause. NAFLD includes a wide spectrum of histologic abnormalities ranging from hepatic steatosis to non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH), or even cirrhosis. Antioxidant(More)
Transcatheter aortic valve implantation workup includes assessment of the aorta and the iliofemoral arteries by computed tomographic angiography. An important group of transcatheter aortic valve implantation candidates have severe renal failure. We tested a novel computed tomographic angiography protocol (128-detector-row dual-source scanner, high-pitch(More)
BACKGROUND Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease is a condition characterised by fatty deposition in the hepatocytes of patients in patients with minimal or no alcohol intake. Some patients develop non-alcoholic steatohepatitis. Bile acids may potentially protect cellular structures and may be of benefit in patients with non-alcoholic fatty liver or(More)
UNLABELLED The prevalence of cigarette smoking (CS) is increased among obese subjects, who are susceptible to develop nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). We investigated the hepatic effects of CS in control and obese rats. Control and obese Zucker rats were divided into smokers and nonsmokers (n = 12 per group). Smoker rats were exposed to 2(More)
BACKGROUND The C-arm used for fluoroscopy during transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) may also be used to acquire 3-dimensional data sets similar to multidetector row CT (MDCT). OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to evaluate the feasibility of C-arm CT (CACT) for aortic annulus and root (AoA/R) measurements in TAVR planning compared with MDCT.(More)
BACKGROUND Vascular complications (VC) are a serious and frequent complication of transfemoral transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) and result in increased morbidity and mortality. It has been suggested that newly developed vascular sheaths may increase the ability to perform transfemoral TAVI in patients with normal and access-limiting peripheral(More)
Contrast-induced nephropathy (CIN) is a frequent cause of acute kidney injury in hospitalized patients. CIN is most commonly defined as either an absolute (≥ 0.5 mg/dL; ≥ 44 μmol/L) or relative (≥ 25%) increase in serum creatinine levels at 48-72 hours after exposure to iodinated contrast media (CM). Its occurrence is associated with worsened clinical(More)
Experience with bioresorbable vascular scaffolds (BVSs) outside clinical trials is scarce, and data from "real-world" use are needed. In particular, there are few data on scaffold thrombosis (ST). We report our experience with ST in our all-comer BVS population (n = 339) and review the literature on the topic. Four cases (1.2%) of early definite ST were(More)
OBJECTIVES The purpose of this study was to assess whether the benefits conferred by radial access (RA) at an individual level are offset by a proportionally greater incidence of vascular access site complications (VASC) at a population level when femoral access (FA) is performed. BACKGROUND The recent widespread adoption of RA for cardiac catheterization(More)
A chronic total occlusion (CTO) is defined as an occlusive (100% stenosis) coronary lesion with anterograde Thrombolysis In Myocardial Infarction 0 flow for at least 3 months. CTOs are common in patients referred for coronary angiography (up to 33%) and are associated with angina, impaired quality of life, and reduced survival. Unfortunately, CTO(More)