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CK2 (formerly termed "casein kinase 2") is a ubiquitous, highly pleiotropic and constitutively active Ser/Thr protein kinase whose implication in neoplasia, cell survival, and virus infection is supported by an increasing number of arguments. Here an updated inventory of 307 CK2 protein substrates is presented. More than one-third of these are implicated in(More)
The specificity of 4,5,6,7-tetrabromo-2-azabenzimidazole (TBB), an ATP/GTP competitive inhibitor of protein kinase casein kinase-2 (CK2), has been examined against a panel of 33 protein kinases, either Ser/Thr- or Tyr-specific. In the presence of 10 microM TBB (and 100 microM ATP) only CK2 was drastically inhibited (>85%) whereas three kinases(More)
A number of quite specific and fairly potent inhibitors of protein kinase CK2, belonging to the classes of condensed polyphenolic compounds, tetrabromobenzimidazole/triazole derivatives and indoloquinazolines are available to date. The structural basis for their selectivity is provided by a hydrophobic pocket adjacent to the ATP/GTP binding site, which in(More)
CK2 is an essential, ubiquitous, and highly pleiotropic protein kinase whose catalytic subunits (alpha and alpha') and holoenzyme (composed by two catalytic and two regulatory beta-subunits) are both constitutively active, a property that is suspected to contribute to its pathogenic potential. Extensive interactions between the N-terminal segment and the(More)
While testing purines related to the non-specific protein kinase inhibitors N6-dimethylaminopurine and N6-(delta 2-isopentenyl)adenine as potential inhibitors of the p34cdc2/cyclin B kinase, we discovered a compound with high specificity, 2-(2-hydroxyethylamino)-6- benzylamino-9-methylpurine (olomoucine). Kinetic analysis of kinase inhibition reveals that(More)
CK2 is an extremely conserved pleiotropic protein kinase with a growing list of more than 300 substrates, the majority of which are proteins implicated in signal transduction, gene expression and other nuclear functions. The CK2 phosphoacceptor sites are specified by multiple acidic residues, with the one at position +3 relative to the target residue being(More)
Casein kinase-2 (CK2) probably is the most pleiotropic member of the protein kinase family, with more than 200 substrates known to date. Unlike the great majority of protein kinases, which are tightly regulated enzymes, CK2 is endowed with high constitutive activity, a feature that is suspected to underlie its oncogenic potential and possible implication in(More)
A panel of quite specific, fairly potent and cell-permeable inhibitors of protein kinase CK2 belonging to the classes of condensed polyphenolic compounds, tetrabromobenzimidazole/triazole derivatives and indoloquinazolines have been developed, with K(i) values in the submicromolar range. Nine structures have been solved to date of complexes between the(More)
Protein kinase CK2 (also termed casein kinase-2 or -II) is a ubiquitous Ser/Thr-specific protein kinase required for viability and for cell cycle progression. CK2 is especially elevated in proliferating tissues, either normal or transformed, and the expression of its catalytic subunit in transgenic mice is causative of lymphomas. CK2 is highly pleiotropic:(More)