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A major component of variation in body height is due to genetic differences, but environmental factors have a substantial contributory effect. In this study we aimed to analyse whether the genetic architecture of body height varies between affluent western societies. We analysed twin data from eight countries comprising 30,111 complete twin pairs by using(More)
Susceptibility to autoimmune insulin-dependent (type 1) diabetes mellitus is determined by a combination of environmental and genetic factors, which include variation in MHC genes on chromosome 6p21 (IDDM1) and the insulin gene on chromosome 11p15 (IDDM2). However, linkage to IDDM1 and IDDM2 cannot explain the clustering of type 1 diabetes in families, and(More)
The role of human chromosome 2 in type 1 diabetes was evaluated by analysing linkage and linkage disequilibrium at 21 microsatellite marker loci, using 348 affected sibpair families and 107 simplex families. The microsatellite D2S152 was linked to, and associated with, disease in families from three different populations. Our evidence localizes a new(More)
Previous genome-wide mapping studies have provided suggestive linkage evidence for several novel susceptibility loci responsible for insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM); however, the evidence was not sufficient to confirm the existence of these genes. We analyzed 265 Caucasian families with IDDM and report the first evidence that meets the standard(More)
Genomewide linkage studies of type 1 diabetes (or insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus [IDDM]) indicate that several unlinked susceptibility loci can explain the clustering of the disease in families. One such locus has been mapped to chromosome 11q13 (IDDM4). In the present report we have analyzed 707 affected sib pairs, obtaining a peak multipoint maximum(More)
The IDDM2 type 1 diabetes susceptibility locus was mapped to and identified as allelic variation at the insulin gene (INS) VNTR regulatory polymorphism. In Caucasians, INS VNTR alleles divide into two discrete size classes. Class I alleles (26 to 63 repeats) predispose in a recessive way to type 1 diabetes, while class III alleles (140 to more than 200(More)
Susceptibility to type I diabetes has been shown to be highly correlated with the presence of an amino acid other than Asp at position 57 of the DQ beta-chain (non-Asp57) and also with the presence of an Arg at position 52 of the DQ alpha-chain (Arg52). In this study we analyzed the DQA1 and DQB1 gene polymorphisms in 65 patients from central Italy and 93(More)
HLA class II is the primary susceptibility gene to type 1 diabetes and the analysis of HLA class II association could help to clarify the relative weight of genetic contribution to the incidence of the disease. Here we present an extensive typing for HLA class II alleles and their haplotypes in a homogenous population of type 1 diabetic patients (n=134) and(More)
BACKGROUND The Italian Twin Registry (ITR) has been carrying out several genetic-epidemiological studies. Collection and storage of biological material from study participants has recently increased in the light of biobanking development. Within this scenario, we aimed at investigating understanding, awareness and attitude towards blood/DNA donation of(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the occurrence of a gene-environment interaction between glutathione transferase (GST) gene polymorphisms (GSTM1, GSTT1, GSTP1, and GSTA1) and serum polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) levels. This is suggested as possible risk factors for endometriosis, a multifactorial gynecological disease. DESIGN Case-control study conducted from(More)