Learn More
Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs), the archetypal multipotent progenitor cells derived in cultures of developed organs, are of unknown identity and native distribution. We have prospectively identified perivascular cells, principally pericytes, in multiple human organs including skeletal muscle, pancreas, adipose tissue, and placenta, on CD146, NG2, and(More)
Evidence suggests the transcription factor GATA-2 is a critical regulator of murine hematopoietic stem cells. Here, we explore the relation between GATA-2 and cell proliferation and show that inducing GATA-2 increases quiescence (G(0) residency) of murine and human hematopoietic cells. In human cord blood, quiescent fractions(More)
OBJECTIVES Hypoxia is an important factor in many aspects of stem-cell biology including their viability, proliferation, differentiation and migration. We evaluated whether low oxygen level (2%) affected human adipose tissue mesenchymal stem-cell (hAT-MSC) phenotype, population growth, viability, apoptosis, necrosis and their adipogenic and osteogenic(More)
Independent studies by numerous investigators have shown that it is possible to harvest multipotent progenitor cells from diverse dissociated and cultured fetal, perinatal, and principally adult developed tissues. Despite the increasingly recognized medical value of these progenitor cells, the archetype of which remains the mesenchymal stem cell, this(More)
We have identified with molecular markers and purified by flow cytometry two populations of cells that are developmentally and anatomically related to blood vessel walls in human tissues: myoendothelial cells, found in skeletal muscle and coexpressing markers of endothelial and myogenic cells, and pericytes--aka mural cells--which surround endothelial cells(More)
Mesenchymal stem/stromal cells (MSCs) can regenerate tissues by direct differentiation or indirectly by stimulating angiogenesis, limiting inflammation, and recruiting tissue-specific progenitor cells. MSCs emerge and multiply in long-term cultures of total cells from the bone marrow or multiple other organs. Such a derivation in vitro is simple and(More)
In search for new sources of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) for renal repair in acute kidney injury (AKI), we investigated the potential of human cord blood (CB)-MSCs to cure mice with AKI. Infusion of CB-MSCs in immunodeficient mice with cisplatin-induced AKI ameliorated both renal function and tubular cell injury, and prolonged survival. Transplanted(More)
Focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS) is the most frequent acquired renal condition resulting in end stage kidney disease in children. We describe a cell therapy treatment with human allogeneic bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) in a 13-year-old patient developing recurrent FSGS after renal transplantation, which was not responding to conventional(More)
The lack of effective drug therapies for motor neuron diseases (MND), and in general for all the neurodegenerative disorders, has increased the interest toward the potential use of stem cells. Among the cell therapy approaches so far tested in MND animal models, systemic injection of human cord blood mononuclear cells (HuCB-MNCs) has proven to reproducibly(More)
We have identified vascular pericytes in multiple human organs on expression of CD146, NG2, PDGF-Rbeta, and mesenchymal stem cell markers (CD44, CD73, CD90, CD105) and absence of blood, endothelial, and myogenic cell markers. Pericytes purified from all tissues were myogenic in culture and in vivo, sustained long-term culture during which they expressed(More)