Lorenza González-Mariscal

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ZO-1, ZO-2 and ZO-3 are tight junction (TJ)-associated proteins that belong to the MAGUK family. In addition to the presence of the characteristic MAGUK modules (PDZ, SH3 and GK), ZOs have a distinctive carboxyl terminal with splicing domains, acidic- and proline-rich regions. The modular organization of these proteins allows them to function as scaffolds,(More)
Extracellular Ca2+ triggers assembly and sealing of tight junctions (TJs) in MDCK cells. These events are modulated by G-proteins, phospholipase C, protein kinase C (PKC), and calmodulin. In the present work we observed that 1,2-dioctanoylglycerol (diC8) promotes the assembly of TJ in low extracellular Ca2+, as evidenced by translocation of the(More)
Here, we have studied the effect of the tight junction protein zona occludens (ZO)-2 on cyclin D1 (CD1) protein expression. CD1 is essential for cell progression through the G1 phase of the cell cycle. We have found that in cultures of synchronized Madin-Darby canine kidney cells, ZO-2 inhibits cell proliferation at G0/G1 and decreases CD1 protein level.(More)
In the central nervous system, the junctional types that establish and maintain tissue architecture include gap junctions, for cytoplasmic connectivity, and tight junctions, for paracellular and/or cell polarity barriers. Connexins are the integral membrane proteins of gap junctions, whereas occludin and members of the multigene family of claudins form(More)
BACKGROUND The tight junction (TJ) regulates the passage of ions and molecules through the paracellular pathway. In multicellular organisms, epithelial sheets function as a barrier between a variety of environments and the internal media. Therefore, TJs are required to control the passage of diverse molecules in different epithelia. The mammalian nephron(More)
Transit of human neural stem cells, ReNcell CX, through the blood brain barrier (BBB) was evaluated in an in vitro model of BBB and in nude mice. The BBB model was based on rat brain microvascular endothelial cells (RBMECs) cultured on Millicell inserts bathed from the basolateral side with conditioned media (CM) from astrocytes or glioma C6 cells. Glioma(More)
Zona occludens 2 (ZO-2) has a dual localization. In confluent epithelia, ZO-2 is present at tight junctions (TJs), whereas in sparse proliferating cells it is also found at the nucleus. Previously we demonstrated that in sparse cultures, newly synthesized ZO-2 travels to the nucleus before reaching the plasma membrane. Now we find that in confluent cultures(More)
Entamoeba histolytica, the protozoan responsible for human amoebiasis, causes between 30,000 and 100,000 deaths per year worldwide. Amoebiasis is characterized by intestinal epithelial damage provoking severe diarrhea. However, the molecular mechanisms by which this protozoan causes epithelial damage are poorly understood. Here, we studied the initial(More)
Renal compensatory hypertrophy (RCH) restores normal kidney function after disease or loss of kidney tissue and is characterized by an increase in organ size due to cell enlargement and not to cell proliferation. In MDCK renal epithelial cells, silencing of the tight junction protein zona occludens 2 (ZO-2 KD) induces cell hypertrophy by two mechanisms:(More)
The zonula occludens (ZO)-2 protein links tight junctional transmembrane proteins to the actin cytoskeleton and associates with splicing and transcription factors in the nucleus. Multiple posttranslational modifications control the intracellular distribution of ZO-2. Here, we report that ZO-2 is a target of the SUMOylation machinery and provide evidence on(More)