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BACKGROUND In 1992, we reported the first analysis of a randomized trial comparing alternating radiotherapy and chemotherapy with radiotherapy alone in the treatment of squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck. The results of that 3-year analysis indicated that the combined treatment had superior efficacy. PURPOSE After an additional 2 years of(More)
BACKGROUND The natural history of acute diverticulitis (AD) is still unclear. This study investigated the recurrence rate, and the risks of emergency surgery, associated stoma and death following initial medical or surgical treatment of AD. METHODS The Italian Study Group on Complicated Diverticulosis conducted a 4-year multicentre retrospective and(More)
PURPOSE The goal of the present analyses is to assess the association between different therapeutic approaches and both the probability of achieving a complete response and the risk of death in patients with stage III-IV, inoperable, squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck (SCC-HN). PATIENTS AND METHODS Between August 1983 and December 1990, 273(More)
The relationship between first degree family history of colorectal cancer and the risk of benign or malignant tumours of the large bowel was investigated in a case-control study. Two groups of cases (283 patients with adenomatous polyps and 414 patients with adenocarcinoma of the large bowel) and 2 groups of controls (399 polyp-free subjects and 456(More)
BACKGROUND The need for colonoscopy in the care of patients with rectosigmoid adenoma 5 mm or less in diameter is still debatable. METHODS We estimated the prevalence of proximal adenomas among 3052 consecutive subjects undergoing total colonoscopy. Rectosigmoid adenoma was classified as diminutive (5 mm), small (6 to 10 mm), or large (>/=11 mm). Advanced(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES Recent studies have demonstrated that the sentinel lymph node (sN) can be considered a reliable predictor of axillary lymph node status in breast cancer patients. However, some important issues, such as optimization of the technique for the intraoperative identification of the sN, and the clinical implications of sN metastasis as(More)
BACKGROUND The association between distal hyperplastic polyps and proximal adenomas is still a matter of debate. We investigated this association while taking into account patient characteristics. METHODS After exclusion of patients with inflammatory bowel diseases, familial adenomatous polyposis, or any cancer, 3088 eligible consecutive subjects aged 18(More)
BACKGROUND The insulin tolerance test (ITT) is the gold standard test to evaluate hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis in suspected ACTH insufficiency. When contraindicated, alternative tests have been proposed such as metyrapone and ACTH stimulation test. 250 microg ACTH is a supramaximal dose and unreliable in this setting. The diagnostic reliability(More)
Fifty-nine colonic adenomas and 6 hyperplastic colonic polyps were analyzed by single-strand conformation polymorphism analysis for mutations in the adenomatous polyposis coli gene (APC). Frameshifts and premature stop codons in at least one copy of APC were detected in 25 of these adenomas. Five adenomas carried 2 APC mutations. No mutations in APC were(More)
CONTEXT The hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis is mainly regulated by CRH, arginine vasopressin, and glucocorticoid feedback. Hippocampal mineralocorticoid receptors mediate proactive glucocorticoid feedback and mineralocorticoid antagonists, accordingly, stimulate HPA axis. Age-related HPA hyperactivity reflects impaired glucocorticoid feedback at(More)