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Neuromodulation is a field of science, medicine, and bioengineering that encompasses implantable and non-implantable technologies for the purpose of improving quality of life and functioning of humans. Brain neuromodulation involves different neurostimulation techniques: transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS), transcranial direct current stimulation(More)
BACKGROUND Many patients with stroke are precluded from thrombolysis treatment because the time from onset of their symptoms is unknown. We aimed to test whether a mismatch in visibility of an acute ischaemic lesion between diffusion-weighted MRI (DWI) and fluid-attenuated inversion recovery (FLAIR) MRI (DWI-FLAIR mismatch) can be used to detect patients(More)
BACKGROUND Platelet counts (PCs) <100,000/µl are considered as a contraindication for intravenous thrombolysis (IVT). While US guidelines recommend IVT initiation before the availability of clotting tests, the guidelines of the European Stroke Organization give no such practical advice. We aimed to assess the incidence of thrombocytopenia in IVT patients,(More)
Neurocardiological interactions can cause severe cardiac arrhythmias in patients with acute ischemic stroke. The relationship between the lesion location in the brain and the occurrence of cardiac arrhythmias is still discussed controversially. The aim of the present study was to correlate the lesion location with the occurrence of cardiac arrhythmias in(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Anticoagulation is a highly effective secondary prevention in patients with cardioembolic stroke and atrial fibrillation/flutter (AF). However, the condition remains underdiagnosed, because paroxysmal AF may be missed by diagnostic tests in the acute phase. In this study, the sensitivity of AF detection was assessed for serial(More)
OBJECTIVE Contradictory results were reported for the outcome after endovascular recanalization (ERT) in acute anterior circulation ischemic stroke. We assessed whether a clinical/perfusion CT cerebral blood volume (CBV) mismatch concept (CPM) can identify patients who will benefit from reperfusion therapy. METHODS Imaging and clinical data of 58(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The DRAGON score predicts functional outcome in the hyperacute phase of intravenous thrombolysis treatment of ischemic stroke patients. We aimed to validate the score in a large multicenter cohort in anterior and posterior circulation. METHODS Prospectively collected data of consecutive ischemic stroke patients who received(More)
INTRODUCTION Only limited data are available on consent and satisfaction of patients receiving specialized neurocritical care. In this study we (i) analyzed the extent of retrospective consent to neurocritical care--given by patients or their relatives--depending on functional outcome one year after hospital stay, and (ii) identified predisposing factors(More)
OBJECTIVES Slowing of the central information-processing speed (CIPS) is frequently observed in epilepsy as a consequence of epileptic seizures and/or antiepileptic drugs (AEDs). A variety of neuropsychological tests are used to asses this 'mental slowing,' but it is highly questionable whether the different tasks measure the same cognitive process. Also,(More)
A long-standing concern has been whether epilepsy contributes to cognitive decline or so-called 'epileptic dementia'. Although global cognitive decline is generally reported in the context of chronic refractory epilepsy, it is largely unknown what percentage of patients is at risk for decline. This review is focused on the identification of risk factors and(More)