Lorentz Sandvik

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Highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) may induce dyslipidemia, insulin resistance and body fat distribution similar to that seen in the metabolic syndrome. Hypertension is often a part of the classic metabolic syndrome, but few studies are published about hypertension in HIV-positive patients on HAART. The aim of this study was to compare the(More)
OBJECTIVES To review the evidence from controlled clinical trials of neonates given equal daily aminoglycoside doses as extended interval dosing (dosage interval typically 24 hours in term and 36-48 hours in immature neonates) compared with traditional dosing (dosage interval typically 8-12 hours in term and 12-24 hours in immature neonates). DESIGN(More)
BACKGROUND Epidemiological studies have shown an association between gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GORD) and asthma, and oesophageal acid perfusion may cause bronchial constriction. However, no causative relation has been proven. AIM To assess whether acid suppression would lead to reduced asthma symptoms in children with concomitant asthma and GORD.(More)
The effect of oral anticholinergic drugs has been limited in the treatment of drooling. Transdermal scopolamine (1.5 mg/2.5 cm2) offers advantages. One single application is considered to render a stable serum concentration for 3 days. A distinct reduction of basal salivation was demonstrated in an open trial of six healthy volunteers. Eighteen mentally(More)
Highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) may induce dyslipidemia and thus increase the risk of future cardiovascular heart disease (CHD). In this cross-sectional study performed in 2000–2001, the prevalence of a Framingham CHD risk score of >20% in HIV-positive individuals treated or not treated with HAART was compared with that in age- and(More)
Continuous vagal intraoperative neuromonitoring (CIONM) of the recurrent laryngeal nerve (RLN) may reduce the risk of RLN lesions during high-risk endocrine neck surgery such as operation for large goiter potentially requiring transsternal surgery, advanced thyroid cancer, and recurrence. Fifty-five consecutive patients (41 female, median age 61 years, 87(More)
Four different field studies including 64, 140, 850 and 180 herds were used to investigate the association between pulsator characteristics and udder health. The results indicate that the best udder health is found in herds with a d phase > 330 ms and a pulsation rate > 55 min-1. A d phase of < 250 ms was associated with significant elevation in bulk milk(More)
OBJECTIVES The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between genotypic drug resistance and the occurrence of HIV-related diseases and death in HIV-1-infected adults on antiretroviral therapy. METHODS We performed an observational study on patients from an out-patient clinic in a university hospital. Genotypic drug resistance analysis after(More)
Delayed neurotoxicity in hens was reported after the administration of several chlorinated alkyl phosphates. Neurotoxicity increased in a homologous series with the size and/or hydrophobic nature of substituents. In the present study the neurotoxicities of two commercial flame retardants, Fyrol PCF [tri(2-chloropropyl) phosphate] and Fyrol CEF(More)
OBJECTIVE Hypertensive cardiovascular complications are more closely associated with ambulatory blood pressure (ABP), particularly the attenuated diurnal blood pressure (BP) rhythm (i.e. a fall in systolic blood pressure <10% during the night compared with the day), than with casual BP. The aim of the study was to assess the ABP pattern in an HIV-infected(More)