Lorena Machado

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BACKGROUND In general, the non-pyroglyphid mites Lepidoglyphus destructor and Blomia tropicalis show a different geographical distribution. Allergic sensitization to both species have been demonstrated in several investigations. However, whether this reflects cross-reactivity or dual sensitization is so far not known. OBJECTIVE The aim of the study was to(More)
Individual smoking histories of a general population sample and of two groups of workers exposed to occupational allergens were related to serum IgE concentrations and results of radioallergosorbent and prick tests in the workers. The geometric mean IgE concentration was higher in smokers than in non-smokers. The distribution of serum IgE values in the two(More)
Hypertension is the most common medical disorder in pregnancy, and a leading cause of maternal and neonatal morbidity and mortality. Vitamin D endocrine system has important influence on immune modulation and endothelial function, which play a role in preeclampsia (PE) and gestational hypertension (GH). Vitamin D receptor (VDR) is present in a large variety(More)
It is known that workers in the pharmaceutical industry, and nurses, can become sensitized and develop allergic respiratory symptoms by handling bulk laxatives containing Ispaghula powder. Fifteen individuals allergic to Ispaghula were challenged with a commercially available Ispaghula product and three other products manufactured in a way to make them less(More)
The immune responses to the non-pyroglyphid mite Blomia kulagini and the pyroglyphid mite Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus were compared in 440 Swedish farmers and 34 allergic subjects from Brazil using the radioallergosorbent test (RAST). Both B. kulagini and D. pteronyssinus were shown to be a common cause of sensitization, particularly in Brazil. The(More)
Finely ground psyllium (Plantago ovata) seeds, so-called ispaghula powder is used in bulk laxatives. During the dispensing of these medicines some dust is generated. Allergic symptoms from exposure to this dust was reported by two nurses, one of whom was wroking in a department where exposure to the powder could be considered high. Nineteen other subjects(More)
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS Percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) is the preferred route for long-term enteral feeding. Our aims were to prospectively evaluate the outcome ("PEG status") and complications of PEG and to determine whether these can be predicted by patients' baseline characteristics. PATIENTS AND METHODS We conducted a prospective study in(More)
Twenty-four patients with asthma of suspected allergic origin were subjected to a total of twenty-five bronchial provocations with the relevant allergen. Eighteen of them reacted with bronchial obstruction: eleven with an isolated early reaction, five with a dual reaction and two with only a late reaction. Extensive lung function tests were performed. The(More)
Forty-seven patients with allergic bronchial asthma were challenged with the relevant allergen. Forty-eight per cent of the provocations resulted in a positive immediate reaction followed by a late bronchial response. Late bronchial obstruction was more common among patients with a high than with a low RAST score. Ten patients were challenged with different(More)
The non-specific bronchial reactivity following bronchial allergen challenge was studied in 40 patients with allergic bronchial asthma, particularly in subjects without definite late reactions 6 h after the provocations (reduction in peak expiratory flow or forced expiratory volume in 1 s of less than 15% of the control value at this time). Among a group of(More)