Lorena Charrier

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Between October and December 2000, a region-wide prevalence study of hospital-acquired infections (HAI) was conducted in all public hospitals (59 facilities with ca. 16000 beds; 560000 admission yearly) in Piemonte Region, Italy, and in the one hospital of the neighbouring autonomous region of Valle d'Aosta. The study population comprised a total of 9467(More)
To evaluate the prevalence of depression in outpatients with type 2 diabetes and its possible correlation with anxiety, cognitive function, and clinical variables. The Zung Self-Rating Depression and Anxiety Scales and the Mini-Mental-State Examination were administered to 249 non-insulin-treated (NIT) and 249 insulin-treated (IT) outpatients with type 2(More)
Diabetic retinopathy may induce visual impairment. We evaluated vision-related quality of life in patients with visual acuity <5/10 in the better eye induced by retinopathy using the 25-item National Eye Institute Visual Functioning Questionnaire (NEI VFQ-25). The NEI VFQ-25 was self-administered to 196 patients in 3 Italian centres (A, B and C; n = 64, 61(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the application of surgical site infection control procedures in general surgery departments in hospitals in the Piemonte region of Italy. DESIGN The descriptive study entailed 1 week of observation in the general surgery departments and 1 week of observation in the operating rooms of 49 hospitals in Piemonte; the survey was(More)
OBJECTIVE We investigated the perceptions of diabetes care and diabetes in patients followed long-term by group or usual care. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS Three open questions were administered to 120 patients (43 with T1DM and 77 with T2DM) who had been randomized at least 2 years before to be followed by group care and 121 (41 T1DM and 80 T2DM) who had(More)
G roup care is a clinical-pedagogic model in which traditional routine visits are substituted by sessions of group education. This approach improves quality of life and metabolic control in patients with type 2 diabetes (1) but only quality of life in those with type 1 diabetes (2). The latter must match multiple daily insulin administrations with blood(More)
To evaluate vision related quality of life in the patients enrolled in The European Consortium for the Early Treatment of Diabetic Retinopathy, a clinical trial on prevention of diabetic retinopathy. Four-hundred-forty-nine patients, 153 women, with type 2 Diabetes and no or mild diabetic retinopathy were enrolled in a 2-year multicenter randomized(More)
RATIONALE Great emphasis is placed on the need to base assistance activities on efficacy evidence. Nevertheless, it is demonstrated that the mere knowledge of scientific recommendations is not sufficient to determine changes in practice. Many elements can influence the operators' behaviour, so that comprehensive strategies are needed to change wrong or not(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate depression, anxiety and cognitive impairment and their associations with clinical and socio-demographic variables in type 2 diabetes. METHODS The Zung Self-Rating Depression-Anxiety Scale and Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) were administered at baseline and after 4 years to 498 consecutive patients, 249 non-insulin treated(More)