Implanted biomedical devices have the potential to revolutionize medicine. <i>Smart sensors</i>, which are created by combining sensing materials with integrated circuitry, are being considered for several biomedical applications such as a glucose level monitor or a retina prosthesis. These devices require the capability to communicate with an external… (More)
Implanted biological sensors are a special class of wireless sensor networks that are used in-vivo for various medical applications. One of the major challenges of continuous in-vivo sensing is the heat generated by the implanted sensors due to communication radiation and circuitry power consumption. This paper addresses the issues of routing in implanted… (More)
While a wireless sensor network is deployed to monitor certain events and pinpoint their locations, the location information is intended only for legitimate users. However, an eavesdropper can monitor the traffic and deduce the approximate location of monitored objects in certain situations. We first describe a successful attack against the flooding-based… (More)
in case multiple codes are available, to minimize the total duration required for convergecasting. We also show that the same tree can be used for broadcasting and is as efficient as a tree exclusively constructed for broadcasting.
Wireless sensor networks have become possible because of the on-going improvements in sensor technology and VLSI. One issue in smart sensor networks is achieving efficient operation because of the limited available power. For important classes of sensor networks, such as biomedical sensors, the locations of the sensing nodes are fixed and the placement can… (More)
Vehicular networks have attracted extensive attentions in recent years for their promises in improving safety and enabling other value-added services. Security and privacy are two integrated issues in the deployment of vehicular networks. Privacy-preserving authentication is a key technique in addressing these two issues. We propose a random key-set based… (More)
An important open problem in wormhole routing has been to find a necessary and sufficient condition for deadlock-free adaptive routing. Recently, Duato has solved this problem for a restricted class of adaptive routing algorithms. In this paper, a necessary and sufficient condition is proposed that can be used for any adaptive or nonadaptive routing… (More)
Vehicular networks have attracted extensive attentions in recent years for their promises in improving safety and enabling other value-added services. Most previous work focuses on designing the media access and physical layer protocols. Privacy issues in vehicular systems have not been well addressed. We argue that privacy is a user-specific concept, and a… (More)