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Genetic and embryological experiments have established the Caenorhabditis elegans adult hermaphrodite gonad as a paradigm for studying the control of germline development and the role of soma-germline interactions. We describe ultrastructural features relating to essential germline events and the soma-germline interactions upon which they depend, as(More)
In Caenorhabditis elegans, specialized contractile myoepithelial cells of the somatic gonad, the gonadal sheath cells, are closely apposed to oocytes and are required for normal meiotic maturation and ovulation. Previously we found that mutations in the ceh-18 gene, which encodes a POU-class homeoprotein expressed in sheath cells, result in oocyte defects.(More)
The mechanisms by which Neisseria meningitidis establishes a carrier state or invades mucosal surfaces of the host to cause septicemia and meningitis are unknown. An experimental model of human columnar nasopharyngeal tissue in organ culture was developed, and the interaction of encapsulated, piliated N meningitidis with this mucosal surface was studied.(More)
Neisseria gonorrhoeae are transported across the mucosa of human fallopian tubes in organ culture by mucosal cells. The steps in this process are (1) attachment of gonococci to microvilli of nonciliated cells, (2) phagocytosis of gonococci by these cells, (3) transport of phagocytic vacuoles containing gonococci to the base of the cell, and (4) exocytosis(More)
Blastocyst attachment to mammalian uteri at implantation involves the adhesion of the trophoblast to the uterine epithelial surface. In the rabbit, fusion between adjacent epithelial cells precedes the initial attachment phase and is followed by fusion between the trophoblast and the epithelium. The reverse transcription/polymerase chain reaction method has(More)
A polypeptide of 42 kDa was previously identified in rabbit uterine epithelium during the peri-implantation period as a progesterone-dependent, stage-specific protein. Binding of the lectin RCA-I to the 42-kDa band on Western blots demonstrated that it was a glycoprotein, here designated GP42. With use of a polyclonal antiserum to this glycoprotein, strong(More)
A glycoprotein, termed GP42, was previously identified in uterine fluid obtained from peri-implantation-stage rabbits. N-terminus amino acid sequencing of purified GP42 demonstrated identity through the first 13 amino acids with the beta subunit of liver haptoglobin. The present study was undertaken to determine if GP42 is indeed identical to haptoglobin(More)