Loren E. Wold

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BACKGROUND Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have the potential to replace infarct scar, but the long-term effects are unknown. We studied short- and long-term effects of MSC transplantation on left ventricular (LV) function in a rat myocardial infarction model. METHODS AND RESULTS Saline (n=46) or MSCs labeled with(More)
Enhanced tissue angiotensin (Ang) II levels have been reported in diabetes and might lead to cardiac dysfunction through oxidative stress. This study examined the effect of blocking the Ang II type 1 (AT1) receptor on high glucose-induced cardiac contractile dysfunction. Rat ventricular myocytes were maintained in normal- (NG, 5.5 mmol/L) or high- (HG, 25.5(More)
Isolated adult cardiac ventricular myocytes have been a useful model for cardiovascular research for more than 20 years. With the recent advances in cellular physiology and transgenic techniques, direct measurement of isolated ventricular myocyte mechanics is becoming an increasingly important technique in cardiac physiology that provides fundamental(More)
OBJECTIVES We determined whether collagen implantation could thicken the infarcted left ventricular (LV) wall and improve LV function. BACKGROUND We hypothesized that thickening the infarcted wall by using collagen might result in some benefits that are similar to what previously had been reported when the infarcted wall was thickened with cells. (More)
1 Endothelin-1 (ET-1), an endothelium-derived vasoactive peptide, participates in the regulation of endothelial function through mechanisms that are not fully elucidated. This study examined the impact of ET-1 on oxidative stress, apoptosis and cell proliferation in human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC). HUVECs were challenged for 24 h with ET-1(More)
Obesity is commonly associated with impaired myocardial contractile function. However, a direct link between these 2 states has not yet been established. There has been an indication that leptin, the product of the human obesity gene, may play a role in obesity-related metabolic and cardiovascular dysfunctions. The purpose of this study was to determine(More)
BACKGROUND Human cardiac progenitor cells (hCPCs) may promote myocardial regeneration in adult ischemic myocardium. The regenerative capacity of hCPCs in young patients with nonischemic congenital heart defects for potential use in congenital heart defect repair warrants exploration. METHODS AND RESULTS Human right atrial specimens were obtained during(More)
An association between high levels of air pollutants and human disease has been known for more than half a century. Air pollution is composed of a heterogeneous mixture of compounds including ozone (O3), carbon monoxide (CO), sulfur dioxide (SO2), nitrogen oxides (NOx), liquids, and particulate matter (PM). Substantial epidemiological evidence implicates(More)
Leptin regulates cardiovascular function. Leptin levels are elevated in obesity and hypertension and may play a role in cardiovascular dysfunctions in these comorbidities. This study was designed to determine the influence of hypertension on the cardiac contractile response of leptin. Mechanical and intracellular Ca(2+) properties were evaluated using an(More)
Diabetic cardiomyopathy contributes to high morbidity and mortality in diabetic populations. It is manifested by compromised ventricular contraction and prolonged relaxation attributable to multiple causative factors including oxidative stress. This study was designed to examine the effect of cardiac overexpression of the heavy metal scavenger(More)