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Any opinions expressed here are those of the author(s) and not those of IZA. Research published in this series may include views on policy, but the institute itself takes no institutional policy positions. The Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) in Bonn is a local and virtual international research center and a place of communication between science,(More)
* This paper is part of a World Bank project investigating the impact of economic reforms on households in Vietnam. The opinions expressed are solely those of the authors, and do not represent the opinions of the World Bank or the Government of Vietnam. We thank Daniel Lee for exceptional research assistance, the Social Sciences and Humanities Research(More)
Any opinions expressed here are those of the author(s) and not those of IZA. Research published in this series may include views on policy, but the institute itself takes no institutional policy positions. The Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) in Bonn is a local and virtual international research center and a place of communication between science,(More)
We investigate how configurations of urban railroads and highways influenced urban form in Chinese cities since 1990. Each radial highway displaces at least 5 percent of central city population to surrounding regions and ring roads displace an additional 20 percent. Each radial railroad displaces 26 percent of central city industrial GDP with ring roads(More)
Deborah Davis-Friedmann (1991) described the " retirement " pattern of the Chinese elderly in the pre-reform era as " ceaseless toil " : lacking sufficient means of support, the elderly had to work their entire lives. In this paper we re-cast the metaphor of ceaseless toil in a labor supply model, where we highlight the role of age and deteriorating health.(More)
Can a small, poor country reduce poverty by gaining increased market access to a large, rich country? The 2001 U.S.-Vietnam Bilateral Trade Agreement provides an excellent opportunity to examine this question as, unlike other bilateral trade agreements, the U.S. tariff cuts were not influenced by Vietnamese industries. Between 2002 and 2004, provinces that(More)
This paper highlights the role of social networks in the internal migration of China. With over 130 million rural labors migrating to the city each year, China is experiencing the largest internal migration in the human history. Using the 2006 China Agricultural Census, we show that individual migration decision is not only dependent on individual(More)