Loren A. Zech

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Apolipoprotein E (apoE) is important in modulating the catabolism of remnants of triglyceride-rich lipoprotein particles. It is a polymorphic protein with the three common alleles coding for apoE2, apoE3, and apoE4. ApoE3 is considered the normal isoform, while apoE4 is associated both with hypercholesterolemia and type V hyperlipoproteinemia. We(More)
A unique kindred with premature cardiovascular disease, tubo-eruptive xanthomas, and type III hyperlipoproteinemia (HLP) associated with familial apolipoprotein (apo) E deficiency was examined. Homozygotes (n = 4) had marked increases in cholesterol-rich very low density lipoproteins (VLDL) and intermediate density lipoproteins (IDL), which could be(More)
The mechanisms for the hypolipidemic action of nicotinic acid were examined in 12 patients with hyperlipidemia. Most patients were studied in the hospital on a metabolic ward. The first month was a control period followed by 1 month on nicotinic acid. During treatment with nicotinic acid, the triglycerides (TG) decreased in total plasma by an average of 52%(More)
The apolipoprotein E isolated from plasma of individuals with type III hyperlipoproteinemia (HLP) shows an abnormal pattern when it is examined by isoelectric focusing. Compared to apolipoprotein E from normal subjects, apolipoprotein E isolated from subjects with type III HLP had a decreased fractional catabolic rate in vivo in both type III HLP patients(More)
The biology of the low-density lipoprotein (LDL) receptor has been examined in detail, and a paradigm for LDL metabolism has evolved from comparative studies of cholesterol metabolism in a variety of cells cultured from normal individuals and subjects with familial hypercholesterolemia (FH). Cultured cells from patients with homozygous FH lack a functional(More)
Rare cases of chronic lymphocytic leukaemia (CLL) in man stem from the malignant proliferation of T cells. The disease is usually more aggressive clinically than B-cell-derived CLL. Various haematological tumours are associated with specific chromosome aberrations (for example, refs 1, 2). Only limited numbers of T-cell CLL patients have so far been studied(More)
Apolipoprotein (apo) A-IV is an intestinally derived apolipoprotein that plays a potentially important role in lipoprotein metabolism and reverse cholesterol transport. However, the factors that regulate its plasma concentrations are not well understood. Plasma apoA-IV levels have been previously shown to correlate with fasting triglyceride (TG) levels in(More)
BACKGROUND A relationship between corneal arcus and atherosclerosis has long been suspected but is controversial. The homozygous familial hypercholesterolemia patients in this study present a unique opportunity to assess this issue. They have both advanced atherosclerosis and corneal arcus. METHODS This is a cross-sectional study of 17 patients homozygous(More)
Sister chromatid exchanges and chromosomal aberrations were investigated in lymphocytes from 11 children with malignant lymphoma after cessation of treatment. Chemotherapy combined with radiation was administered, terminating between 4 months and 13 years before chromosome analyses were performed. The frequency of sister chromatid exchanges per chromosome(More)
Epidemiological studies have established that concentrations of plasma high-density lipoproteins (HDL) are inversely associated with premature atherosclerosis, but the physiological basis of this relationship remains unknown. We investigated 5 probands with very low plasma HDL. None had clinical or biochemical findings typical of the known genetic disorders(More)