Loren A. Martin

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There has been significant advancement in various aspects of scientific knowledge concerning the role of cerebellum in the etiopathogenesis of autism. In the current consensus paper, we will observe the diversity of opinions regarding the involvement of this important site in the pathology of autism. Recent emergent findings in literature related to(More)
Experimental mouse chimeras have proven useful in analyzing the cell lineages of various tissues. Here we use experimental mouse chimeras to study cell lineage of the hippocampus. We examined clonal architecture and lineage relationships of the hippocampal pyramidal cells, dentate granule cells, and GABAergic interneurons. We quantitatively analyzed(More)
A rise in the prevalence of diagnosed cases of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) has been reported in several studies in recent years. While this rise in ASD prevalence is at least partially related to increased awareness and broadened diagnostic criteria, the role of environmental factors cannot be ruled out, especially considering that the cause of most(More)
Autism together with Asperger syndrome and pervasive developmental disorder not otherwise specified form a spectrum of conditions (autism spectrum disorders or ASD) that is characterized by disturbances in social behavior, impaired communication and the presence of stereotyped behaviors or circumscribed interests. Recent estimates indicate a prevalence of(More)
The cerebellum has recently been linked to spatial navigation, as indicated by the inferior performance of cerebellar mutant or cerebellar lesioned animals in the water maze. The inability to dissociate motor from cognitive deficits in the impaired water maze performance has been a confounding variable in previous studies, however. In this study, we sought(More)
BACKGROUND As purported causal factors are identified for autism spectrum disorder (ASD), new assays are needed to better phenotype animal models designed to explore these factors. With recent evidence suggesting that deficits in social motivation are at the core of ASD behavior, the development of quantitative measures of social motivation is particularly(More)
The effect of the corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF) antagonist alpha-helical CRF9-41 (alpha H CRF9-41; 25 and 50 micrograms) was examined in four strains of mice (BALB/C, NIH Swiss, CF-1, and CD) in the elevated plus-maze anxiolytic test and found to significantly increase percent open arm activity in only the BALB/C mice. A marginal anxiolytic response(More)
Peptidyl fluoromethyl ketones (FMKs), with the amino acid sequence Phe-Ala held constant but with variable N-terminal groups, were synthesized and tested for inhibition of the cysteine proteinase cathepsin B. The FMKs were effective in inhibiting cathepsin B activity in vitro. The inhibition was time dependent and was not reversed by dialysis, suggesting(More)
Repetitive behaviors and hyperactivity are common features of developmental disorders, including autism. Neuropathology of the cerebellum is also a frequent occurrence in autism and other developmental disorders. Recent studies have indicated that cerebellar pathology may play a causal role in the generation of repetitive and hyperactive behaviors. In this(More)
Although behavioral inflexibility and Purkinje cell loss are both well established in autism, it is unknown if these phenomena are causally related. Using a mouse model, we tested the hypothesis that developmental abnormalities of the cerebellum, including Purkinje cell loss, result in behavioral inflexibility. Specifically, we made aggregation chimeras(More)