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Unconjugated bilirubin (UCB) causes encephalopathy in severely jaundiced neonates by damaging astrocytes and neurons. Astrocytes, which help defend the brain against cytotoxic insults, express the ATP-dependent transporter, multidrug resistance-associated protein 1 (Mrp1), which mediates export of organic anions, probably including UCB. We therefore studied(More)
Revised concepts of bilirubin encephalopathy have been revealed by studies of bilirubin toxicity in cultured CNS cells and in congenitally jaundiced Gunn rats. Bilirubin neurotoxicity is related to the unbound (free) fraction of unconjugated bilirubin (Bf), of which the dominant species at physiological pH is the protonated diacid, which can passively(More)
The placenta is a multifunctional organ that protects the fetus from toxic compounds and the MRPs contribute to this function. The expression of MRP1, MRP2, MRP3, and MRP5 was compared in human placental tissue and in BeWo cells by real-time RT-PCR analysis; protein expression was assessed by Western blot. MRP1 and MRP3 were the most abundantly expressed(More)
The detection of the multridrug resistance-associated proteins is becoming increasingly important in assessing tumor sensitivity to treatment. In this work we describe a new, rapid, sensitive, and robust method for the detection of MRP1 expression based on direct RT-in situ-PCR technology and fluorochrome-modified (dCTP(Cy3)) nucleotides. MRP1 expression(More)
Most studies of the cellular toxicity of unconjugated bilirubin (UCB) have been performed at concentrations of unbound UCB (BF) that exceed those in the plasma of neonates with bilirubin encephalopathy. We assessed whether UCB could be toxic to neurons and astrocytes at clinically relevant BF values (<or=1.0 microM), a range in which spontaneous(More)
The mechanisms were investigated for the hepatic transport of 4 different gadolinium complexes used as contrast agents for magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). In basolateral rat hepatocyte plasma membrane vesicles, Gd-DTPA uptake was indistinguishable from non-specific binding to vesicles; Gd-BOPTA and Gd-EOB-DTPA entered plasma membrane vesicles following a(More)
It has been recently demonstrated that the internal jugular vein may exhibit abnormalities classified as truncular venous malformations (TVMs). The investigation of possible morphological and biochemical anomalies at jugular tissue level could help to better understand the link between brain venous drainage and neurodegenerative disorders, recently found(More)
Unconjugated bilirubin (UCB), at slightly elevated unbound concentrations, is toxic to astrocytes and neurons, damaging mitochondria (causing impaired energy metabolism and apoptosis) and plasma membranes (causing oxidative damage and disrupting transport of neurotransmitters). Accumulation of UCB in the CSF and CNS is limited by its active export, probably(More)
The effect of the concentration of cobalt ferrite (CoFe(2)O(4)) nanoparticles (NPs) on their intracellular location and distribution has been explored by synchrotron radiation X-ray and fluorescence microscopy (SR-XRF) monitoring the evolution of NPs elemental composition as well. In cells exposed to low concentrations of CoFe(2)O(4) NPs, the NPs(More)
Results of previous studies have suggested that UCB (unconjugated bilirubin) may be transported by MRP1/Mrp1 (multidrug-resistance-associated protein 1). To test this hypothesis directly, [3H]UCB transport was assessed in plasma-membrane vesicles from MDCKII cells (Madin-Darby canine kidney II cells) stably transfected with human MRP1 or MRP2; wild-type(More)