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Immunohistochemistry was used to map the induction of c-Fos protein in the forebrain of rats treated with heroin. Acute injection of heroin to drug-naive rats caused significant induction of c-Fos protein in the nucleus accumbens shell, whereas the same dose of heroin given to drug-sensitized rats significantly increased c-Fos immunoreactivity in the(More)
1-Methyl, 4-phenyl, 1,2,3,6-tetrahydropiridine (MPTP) is a neurotoxin, widely used to produce experimental models of Parkinson Disease in rodents and primates. Although dopaminergic neurons are the most sensitive to MPTP neurotoxicity, different neuronal subtypes are affected. Among these, recent studies indicate that MPTP may produce pathological effects(More)
This study investigated possible neurochemical differences in the brain of two inbred mouse strains, C57BL/6J (C57) and DBA/2J (DBA) that in behavioral, memorization and learning tasks under normal and experimental conditions perform differently or often in an opposite manner. The immunohistochemical study, designed to investigate the dopaminergic system,(More)
Alpha-synuclein is a 140 amino acids' protein, widely expressed in the nervous system of different vertebrates and closely related with several neurodegenerative disorders. Although its pathological involvement is reported from long time, its physiological function and its role in neurodegeneration is not yet clear. Disposing of two new monoclonal(More)
Immunohistochemical distribution patterns of neuropeptide FF (NPFF) and neuropeptide tyrosine (NPY) were studied in the brain of rats submitted to two different protocols of heroin treatment. In drug-naive rats, acutely injected heroin significantly depleted NPFF-immunoreactive material within the neurons of the nucleus of solitary tract (NTS),(More)
This study provides the first immunohistochemical evidence of the presence and distribution patterns in the rat spinal cord of alpha-synuclein (alpha-Syn), a soluble acidic protein, widely expressed in the CNS and closely associated to the pathogenesis of neurodegenerative conditions such as Parkinson's and Alzheimer's diseases. We used two novel homemade(More)
This study provides the first immunohistochemical evidence visualizing cholinergic octopus neurons containing choline acetyltransferase (ChAT), the synthetic enzyme of acetylcholine. Because the antiserum applied here was raised against a recombinant protein encoded by exons 7 and 8 of the rat gene for ChAT, and initially used for studies in mammals, to(More)
We report the presence of sauvagine/urotensin I-like immunoreactive (SV/UI-LI) elements in the caudal neurosecretory system of a teleost (Diplodus sargus L.) collected from aquaria tanks of the Aquaculture Center (Talassographic Institut of CNR) of Messina or maintained in an hyposmotic milieu for different periods. In normal specimens, SV/UI-LI material(More)
Immunohistochemical techniques were used to study the distribution of cholinergic neurons containing choline acetyltransferase of the common type (cChAT), the synthetic enzyme of acetylcholine, in the central nervous system of the slug Limax maximus and Limax valentianus. Because the antiserum applied here was raised against a recombinant protein encoded by(More)
Acetylcholine, the first neurotransmitter to be identified in the vertebrate frog, is widely distributed among the animal kingdom. The presence of a large amount of acetylcholine in the nervous system of cephalopods is well known from several biochemical and physiological studies. However, little is known about the precise distribution of cholinergic(More)