Loredana Bassi

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In the present study we evaluated campthotecin (CPT)-induced chromosomal damage in human lymphocytes in the G0 phase of the cell cycle as revealed by the premature chromosome condensation technique. The results obtained here indicate that CPT was able to induce chromosome fragments in the G0 phase of the cell cycle of human lymphocytes as detected in(More)
Transcription coupled repair (TCR), a special sub-pathway of nucleotide excision repair (NER), removes transcription blocking lesions rapidly from the transcribing strand of active genes. In this study, we have evaluated the importance of the TCR pathway in the induction of chromosomal aberrations and apoptosis in isogenic Chinese hamster cell lines, which(More)
The distribution of camptothecin (CPT)-induced break points in late S or G2 phase of the cell cycle observed in Chinese hamster chromosomes was analysed in 400 metaphases. Contrary to expectation, they were not localized in the heterochromatic regions, suggesting that these chromatid-type aberrations arise by a mechanism which does not involve collision of(More)
The induction of chromosomal alterations by camptothecin (CPT), an inhibitor of DNA topoisomerase I, in the G2 stage was studied in a CHO mutant cell line EM9, which has an elevated baseline frequency of SCEs, and in its parental cell line AA8. EM9 cells were found to be more sensitive to CPT than the parental cell line. It is proposed that the effect of(More)
Cells derived from superficial and deep lymph nodes of transgenic mice in which CD40L expression was deregulated were grown in vitro. After 3 months of interleukin 3 or interleukin 12 stimulation, the cells remained interleukin-independent, showed the same in vitro growth characteristics, but LIL3+ cells were tumorigenic when reinoculated in vivo in nude(More)
Recent studies indicate that p53-dependent apoptosis induced in normal tissues during chemo- and radiotherapy can cause severe side effects of anti-cancer treatments that limit their efficiency. The aim of the present work was to further characterise the role of p53 in maintaining genomic stability and to verify whether the inhibition of p53 function in(More)
Protein tyrosine kinases (PTKs) play fundamental roles in signal transduction pathways. Many proliferative diseases are characterized by deregulation of PTK activity, therefore PTKs appear as promising targets in the design of anticancer drugs. Tyrphostins are a family of synthetic compounds which efficiently target specific PTKs without competing for ATP(More)
PURPOSE To investigate whether unstable types of chromosomal aberrations are more effective in priming apoptotic cell death in comparison with stable ones. Also, to highlight the phase of the cell cycle at which apoptosis occurs and the mechanism of its execution. MATERIALS AND METHODS G0 human peripheral blood lymphocytes were X-irradiated in the(More)
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