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Two brothers with Coffin syndrome are presented and the fifteen other cases availabe in the literature are reviewed. The molecular defect causing this clinically recognizable syndrome is unknown, and the mode of inheritance may be a sex-linked recessive, but a sex-limited autosomal dominant or autosomal dominant with variable degree of expression cannot be… (More)
In this report we describe two adult male patients with a chromosomal rearrangement involving the short arm of chromosome 18 and an acrocentric chromosome. In addition to moderate mental retardation and verbal disability they presented dysmorphic stigmata similar to those found in the Noonan syndrome.
We aimed to study epidemic trends and predictors for transmitted drug resistance (TDR) in our region, its clinical impact and its association with transmission clusters. We included 778 patients from the AIDS Reference Center in Leuven (Belgium) diagnosed from 1998 to 2012. Resistance testing was performed using population-based sequencing and TDR was… (More)
In Cuba, antiretroviral therapy rollout started in 2001 and antiretroviral therapy coverage has reached almost 40% since then. The objectives of this study were therefore to analyze subtype distribution, and level and patterns of drug resistance in therapy-naive HIV-1 patients. Four hundred and one plasma samples were collected from HIV-1 therapy-naive… (More)
BACKGROUND Emergence of HIV-1 drug resistance may limit the sustained benefits of antiretroviral therapy (ART) in settings with limited laboratory monitoring and drug options. OBJECTIVES Surveillance of drug resistance and subtypes in HIV-1 patients failing ART in Cuba. STUDY DESIGN This study compiled data of ART-experienced HIV-1 patients attending a… (More)
Partial 18q12 trisomy, due to intrachromosomal duplication, was found in a severely mentally retarded boy. The finding of nonspecific dysmorphism in this patient demonstrates that trisomy of band 18q12 is accompanied by neither a full nor an incomplete 18 trisomy phenotype, indicating that this phenotype may be due solely to trisomy of the 18q11 band.
Genotypic drug resistance testing is routine practice in HIV-1 clinical care. The visual interpretation of sequencing electropherograms is labour-intensive and subject to intra- and inter-assay variability because decisions are based on operators' judgments. In this study the performance of the automatic editing tool RECall was compared to the current… (More)