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INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS The aim of this study was to evaluate pelvic floor dysfunction and anatomical signs of pelvic organ prolapse (POP) in patients with levator ani muscle (LAM) trauma compared with patients with an intact LAM 1 year postpartum. METHODS In a prospective case-control study, primiparous women after vaginal delivery, with LAM trauma(More)
BACKGROUND There is growing evidence that the predictive value of HDL cholesterol levels for cardiovascular risk stratification is limited in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). HDL function seems to be a more sensitive surrogate of cardiovascular risk estimation than simple serum levels. Therefore, we aimed to assess whether impaired antioxidant(More)
INTRODUCTION Oxidative stress affects clinical outcome in critically ill patients. Although high-density lipoprotein (HDL) particles generally possess anti-oxidant capacities, deleterious properties of HDL have been described in acutely ill patients. The impact of anti-oxidant HDL capacities on clinical outcome in critically ill patients is unknown. We(More)
Oxidative stress affects clinical outcome in patients with ST-elevation acute coronary syndrome (STE-ACS). Although high-density lipoprotein (HDL) particles are generally considered protective, deleterious properties of HDL have been observed in patients with acute myocardial infarction. Here, we analysed the association between pro-oxidant HDL and(More)
BACKGROUND Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) represents a valuable and rapidly evolving therapeutic option in patients with severe heart or lung failure following cardiovascular surgery. However, despite significant advances in ECMO techniques and management, prognosis remains poor and accurate risk stratification challenging. We therefore(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS There is rising evidence that cardioprotective functions of high-density lipoprotein (HDL) have significant impact on clinical outcomes. ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) represents a high-risk vascular condition. Whether higher HDL-cholesterol concentrations in women correspond to protective anti-oxidant properties in the(More)
BACKGROUND Oxidative stress is mechanistically linked to the pathogenesis of chronic heart failure (CHF). Antioxidative functions of high-density lipoprotein (HDL) particles have been found impaired in patients with ischemic cardiomyopathy; however, the impact of antioxidative HDL capacities on clinical outcome in CHF patients is unknown. We therefore(More)
OBJECTIVES Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation represents a valuable and rapidly evolving therapeutic option in patients with severe heart or lung failure following cardiovascular surgery. However, survival remains poor and accurate risk stratification challenging. Therefore, we evaluated the predictive value of urinary output within 24 hours after(More)
BACKGROUND The impact of levosimendan treatment on clinical outcome in patients undergoing extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) support after cardiovascular surgery is unknown. We hypothesized that the beneficial effects of levosimendan might improve survival when adequate end-organ perfusion is ensured by concomitant ECMO therapy. We therefore(More)
BACKGROUND Veno-arterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) is rapidly evolving as bailout option in patients with refractory cardiogenic shock after cardiovascular surgery (CV). Cardiac arrest represents a common and severe complication in the immediate post-operative phase. We therefore evaluated the impact of cardiac arrest at time of ECMO(More)
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