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Biogenic amines and their receptors regulate and modulate many physiological and behavioural processes in animals. In vertebrates, octopamine is only found in trace amounts and its function as a true neurotransmitter is unclear. In protostomes, however, octopamine can act as neurotransmitter, neuromodulator and neurohormone. In the honeybee, octopamine acts(More)
The vast majority of mitochondrial proteins are in all eukaryotes encoded in the nuclear genomes by genes which have been transferred from the original endosymbiont. DNA as well as RNA was and is exchanged between organelles. A functionally successful information transfer, however, requires complex structural and regulatory alterations of the concerned(More)
The Oenothera mitochondrial genome contains only a gene fragment for ribosomal protein S12 (rps12), while other plants encode a functional gene in the mitochondrion. The complete Oenothera rps12 gene is located in the nucleus. The transit sequence necessary to target this protein to the mitochondrion is encoded by a 5'-extension of the open reading frame.(More)
The intrinsic 28.5-kDa iron-sulfur protein of complex I in the mitochondrial respiratory chain is encoded in the nucleus in animals and fungi, but specified by a mitochondrial gene in trypanosomes. In plants, the homologous protein is now found to be encoded by a single-copy nuclear gene in Arabidopsis thaliana and by two nuclear genes in potato. The(More)
The plant NADH:ubiquinone oxidoreductase (or complex I) was isolated from potato (Solanum tuberosum) mitochondria. The multisubunit enzyme was solubilized with detergents, Triton X-100 and 3-[(3-cholamidopropyl)dimethylammonio]-1-propanesulfonate (CHAPS), out of the inner mitochondrial membranes and purified by hydroxylapatite and gel filtration(More)
The Magnoliaceae are discussed as one of the key species at the root of the flowering plants. To obtain molecular information for one of these phylogenetically interesting plant species, we determined genomic and cDNA sequences of the mitochondrial cox3 gene in Magnolia grandiflora. Twenty-two RNA editing events are identified to alter cytidines in the mRNA(More)
The pool of partially and completely edited mRNAs present in plant mitochondria could potentially be translated into a mixture of divergent proteins. This possibility was investigated for the nad9 gene in potato by characterization of the mRNA population and the corresponding protein sequence. The deduced amino acid sequence of the nad9 gene product has(More)
We have determined the N-termini of 26 proteins of the large ribosomal subunit from yeast mitochondria by direct amino acid micro-sequencing. The N-terminal sequences of proteins YmL33 and YmL38 showed a significant similarity to eubacterial ribosomal (r-) proteins L30 and L14, respectively. In addition, several proteins could be assigned to their(More)
Two different cDNAs, homologous to genes for rotenone-insensitive NADH dehydrogenases of bacteria and yeast, were isolated from potato. The encoded proteins, called NDA and NDB, have calculated molecular masses of 55 and 65 kDa, respectively. The N-terminal parts show similarity to mitochondrial targeting peptides and the polypeptides are in vitro imported(More)
The integrity of healthy mitochondria is supposed to depend largely on proper mitochondrial protein biosynthesis. Mitochondrial ribosomal proteins (MRPs) are directly involved in this process. To identify mammalian mitochondrial ribosomal proteins and their corresponding genes, we purified mature rat MRPs and determined 12 different N-terminal amino acid(More)