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Biogenic amines and their receptors regulate and modulate many physiological and behavioural processes in animals. In vertebrates, octopamine is only found in trace amounts and its function as a true neurotransmitter is unclear. In protostomes, however, octopamine can act as neurotransmitter, neuromodulator and neurohormone. In the honeybee, octopamine acts(More)
The vast majority of mitochondrial proteins are in all eukaryotes encoded in the nuclear genomes by genes which have been transferred from the original endosymbiont. DNA as well as RNA was and is exchanged between organelles. A functionally successful information transfer, however, requires complex structural and regulatory alterations of the concerned(More)
The intrinsic 28.5-kDa iron-sulfur protein of complex I in the mitochondrial respiratory chain is encoded in the nucleus in animals and fungi, but specified by a mitochondrial gene in trypanosomes. In plants, the homologous protein is now found to be encoded by a single-copy nuclear gene in Arabidopsis thaliana and by two nuclear genes in potato. The(More)
Two different cDNAs, homologous to genes for rotenone-insensitive NADH dehydrogenases of bacteria and yeast, were isolated from potato. The encoded proteins, called NDA and NDB, have calculated molecular masses of 55 and 65 kDa, respectively. The N-terminal parts show similarity to mitochondrial targeting peptides and the polypeptides are in vitro imported(More)
The integrity of healthy mitochondria is supposed to depend largely on proper mitochondrial protein biosynthesis. Mitochondrial ribosomal proteins (MRPs) are directly involved in this process. To identify mammalian mitochondrial ribosomal proteins and their corresponding genes, we purified mature rat MRPs and determined 12 different N-terminal amino acid(More)
We have determined the N-termini of 26 proteins of the large ribosomal subunit from yeast mitochondria by direct amino acid micro-sequencing. The N-terminal sequences of proteins YmL33 and YmL38 showed a significant similarity to eubacterial ribosomal (r-) proteins L30 and L14, respectively. In addition, several proteins could be assigned to their(More)
Regulatory promoter regions responsible for the enhanced expression in anthers and pollen are defined in detail for three nuclear encoded mitochondrial Complex I (nCl) genes from Arabidopsis thaliana. Specific regulatory elements were found conserved in the 5' upstream regions between three different genes encoding the 22 kDa (PSST), 55 kDa NADH binding (55(More)
We have purified 13 large subunit proteins of the mitochondrial ribosome of the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae and determined their partial amino acid sequences. To elucidate the structure and function of these proteins, we searched for their genes by comparing our sequence data with those deduced from the genomic nucleotide sequence data of S. cerevisiae(More)
Genes for subunits of respiratory chain complex I are found in mitochondrial, plastid and/or nuclear genomes with varying distributions in the diverse eukaryotic species. The intrinsic PSST subunit of complex I is a mitochondrially encoded protein in Paramecium but is specified by a nuclear gene in animals. In plants to date only the homologous plastid(More)