Loraine Campanati

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Astrocytes, members of the glial family, interact through the exchange of soluble factors or by directly contacting neurons and other brain cells, such as microglia and endothelial cells. Astrocytic projections interact with vessels and act as additional elements of the Blood Brain Barrier (BBB). By mechanisms not fully understood, astrocytes can undergo(More)
Electron and video-light microscopy analysis of the in vitro effects of pyrantel pamoate on Giardia lamblia. Experimental Parasitology 97, 9-14. Giardia infection is predominant in the small intestine of vertebrates, where the trophozoites attach to epithelial cells and adversely affect the microvilli and other epithelial cell structures. Giardiasis, the(More)
The association of high resolution field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM), with a more efficient system of secondary electron (SE) collection and in-lens specimen position, provided a great improvement in the specimen’s topographical contrast and in the generation of high-resolution images. In addition, images obtained with the use of the(More)
This work presents a computerized method to identify, detect, evaluate, and, by colored overlay, present gold particle pairs in electron microscopy (EM), even in wide-field views. Double gold immunolabeled specimens were analyzed in a LEO 912 electron microscope equipped with a 2k x 2k-pixel slow-scan cooled CCD camera connected to a computer with analySIS(More)
Sox2 is an important transcriptional regulator in embryonic and adult stem cells. Recently, Sox2 was identified as an oncogene in many endodermal cancers, including colon cancer. There is great interest in how Sox2 cooperates with other transcription factors to regulate stem cell renewal, differentiation, and reprogramming. However, we still lack a general(More)
Field emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM) provides a range of strategies for investigating the structural organization of biological systems, varying from isolated macromolecules to tissue organization and whole organisms. This review covers some of the results so far obtained using FE-SEM observation and various protocols of sample fixation to(More)
Video-microscopy in combination with digital image processing was used to analyze dynamic processes associated to the life cycle of Giardia lamblia trophozoites. These parasites swim and attach to the epithelial cells, producing the disease known as Giardiasis. Giardia is a multiflagellar cell, presenting 4 pairs of flagella. With the use of analogue and(More)
By means of immunofluorescence, immunoelectron microscopy and immunoblotting, we show that polyglycylation, a posttranslational modification of tubulin widely spread among eukaryotes, is present in the diplomonad, Giardia lamblia, a putative ancestral cell possessing a highly developed microtubular cytoskeleton. This modification was recently discovered in(More)
Suramin has been previously reported to inhibit distinct cell enzymes and to affect the synthesis and distribution of cytoskeleton proteins. Our study indicates that prolonged incubation of Trypanosoma cruzi infected-LLC-MK2 cells in the presence of 500 microM suramin during the intracellular development of the parasite caused morphological changes on(More)
Glioblastomas (GBMs) are devastating tumors of the central nervous system, with a poor prognosis of 1-year survival. This results from a high resistance of GBM tumor cells to current therapeutic options, including etoposide (VP-16). Understanding resistance mechanisms may thus open new therapeutic avenues. VP-16 is a topoisomerase inhibitor that causes(More)