The recently established single-shot technique of echo-planar imaging of intravoxel incoherent motion (IVIM) for determining and imaging the variations of microscopic motions of water has been applied to studies of water perfusion in phantoms and to in vivo studies of diffusion and perfusion in cat and human brains. The phantom results demonstrate that… (More)
The majority of pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is not associated with BMPR2 mutation, and major risk factors for idiopathic PAH are not known. The objective of this study was to identify a gene expression signature for IPAH. To accomplish this, we used Affymetrix arrays to probe expression levels in 86 patient samples, including 22 healthy controls,… (More)
High-altitude pulmonary hypertension (HAPH) is a consequence of chronic alveolar hypoxia, leading to hypoxic vasoconstriction and remodeling of the pulmonary circulation. Brisket disease in cattle is a naturally occurring animal model of hypoxic pulmonary hypertension. Genetically susceptible cattle develop severe pulmonary hypertension and right heart… (More)
In a research environment, a magnetic resonance imaging system's manufacturer-supplied protection against excessive rf power deposition in the sample is often compromised. This paper presents a widely applicable scheme, based on a commonly available fuse, that simply and effectively limits the average rf power into a magnetic resonance imaging probe.