LorRaine Duffy

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Military personnel need better ways to communicate in hostile, noisy, silence-mandated, and/or extreme environments. Typing on a keyboard is difficult and impractical while wearing comprehensive protective clothing. Wireless data gloves were researched and developed to transmit and receive ASCII code and other signals as hand gestures. Two categories of(More)
A wireless data glove was developed to control a Talon robot. Sensors mounted on the glove send signals to a processing unit, worn on the user’s forearm that translates hand postures into data. An RF transceiver, also mounted on the user, transmits the encoded signals representing the hand postures and dynamic gestures to the robot via RF link. Commands to(More)
This paper presents concepts, content, status, applications and challenges of chat as used in the military context of secure net-centric command and control. It describes the importance of chat as it contributes to situation assessment and the common operating picture, which presents current collective knowledge of the battle space. The paper discusses(More)
The Department of Defense (DoD) has committed to global distributed operations as the primary method to engage in assigned missions worldwide, including crisis management, humanitarian assistance, and stability operations. In order to "command and control" (C2), this large body of dispersed personnel, DoD uses a variety of electronic methods for managing(More)
In distributed command and control (C<sub>2</sub>), the primary tool for consistency in operational situational assessment (SA) is the common operational picture(COP) and continuous text updates that define relevant objects, their relationships, and their intent. Context often resides in the warfighterpsilas "conversation," or in manual hand gestures in the(More)
Joint Battle Rhythm: The timing and scheduled presentation of situation reports, briefings, formal collaborative sessions, and other required actions during planning and execution. “Deployment Planning Using Collaboration,” A Handbook Supporting Collaborative Planning. JFCOM, JDPO, 2002 Tactical Battle Rhythm: “The U.S. Marine Corps MAGTF Staff Planning(More)
Transformation of the U.S. military requires new ways of defining both design and mission processes to improve warfighting performance and reduce system costs. New technologies engendered through the discipline of Human Factors Engineering at SSC San Diego enable warfighters to make more effective decisions in a timelier manner with fewer personnel. While(More)
This position paper describes a vision of how Chemical Biological Radiological and Nuclear (CBRN) situation awareness and threat assessment [1], [2] can benefit from the use of Gesture-Directed Sensor-Information Fusion (GDSIF). It describes a concept of operations for the war fighter’s use of electronic wireless-communication gloves (eGloves) to(More)