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The human visual system observes and understands a scene/image by making a series of fixations. Every “fixation point” lies inside a particular region of arbitrary shape and size in the scene which can either be an object or just a part of it. We define as a basic segmentation problem the task of segmenting that region containing the(More)
The problem of recognizing actions in realistic videos is challenging yet absorbing owing to its great potentials in many practical applications. Most previous research is limited due to the use of simplified action databases under controlled environments or focus on excessively localized features without sufficiently encapsulating the spatio-temporal(More)
Attention is an integral part of the human visual system and has been widely studied in the visual attention literature. The human eyes fixate at important locations in the scene, and every fixation point lies inside a particular region of arbitrary shape and size, which can either be an entire object or a part of it. Using that fixation point as an(More)
Recent evaluation [2], [13] of representative background subtraction techniques demonstrated that there are still considerable challenges facing these methods. Challenges in realistic environment include illumination change causing complex intensity variation, background motions (trees, waves, etc.) whose magnitude can be greater than those of the(More)
Traditional image stitching using parametric transforms such as homography, only produces perceptually correct composites for planar scenes or parallax free camera motion between source frames. This limits mosaicing to source images taken from the same physical location. In this paper , we introduce a smoothly varying affine stitching field which is(More)
Ball locations over frames facilitate tennis video analysis to a great extent. But so far no algorithm is able to obtain satisfactory result in locating the ball in broadcast tennis video (BTV). This paper presents a trajectory-based algorithm to detect and track the ball in BTV. Unlike the object-based algorithm, it does not decide whether an object is the(More)
Current research on visual action/activity analysis has mostly exploited appearance-based static feature descriptions, plus statistics of short-range motion fields. The deliberate ignorance of dense, long-duration motion trajectories as features is largely due to the lack of mature mechanism for efficient extraction and quantitative representation of visual(More)
Numerous existing object segmentation frameworks commonly utilize the object bounding box as a prior. In this paper, we address semantic segmentation assuming that object bounding boxes are provided by object detectors, but no training data with annotated segments are available. Based on a set of segment hypotheses, we introduce a simple voting scheme to(More)