Loon-Seng Tan

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We report the synthesis of a new class of photoresponsive C(60)-DCE-diphenylaminofluorene nanostructures and their intramolecular photoinduced energy and electron transfer phenomena. Structural modification was made by chemical conversion of the keto group in C(60)(>DPAF-C(n)) to a stronger electron-withdrawing 1,1-dicyanoethylenyl (DCE) unit leading to(More)
Polyaniline (PANi)-grafted multiwalled carbon nanotube (MWNT) composite is prepared by a two-step reaction sequence. MWNT is first functionalized with 4-aminobenzoic acid in polyphosphoric acid/phosphorous pentoxide as a ‘‘direct’’ Friedel-Crafts acylation reaction medium. The resultant 4-aminobenzoyl-functionalized MWNT is then treated with aniline using(More)
4. Survey of Novel Multiphoton Active Materials 1257 4.1. Multiphoton Absorbing Systems 1257 4.2. Organic Molecules 1257 4.3. Organic Liquids and Liquid Crystals 1259 4.4. Conjugated Polymers 1259 4.4.1. Polydiacetylenes 1261 4.4.2. Polyphenylenevinylenes (PPVs) 1261 4.4.3. Polythiophenes 1263 4.4.4. Other Conjugated Polymers 1265 4.4.5. Dendrimers 1265(More)
A new approach to two-photon excited photodynamic therapy has been developed. A dendritic array of eight donor chromophores capable of two-photon absorption (TPA) was covalently attached to a central porphyrin acceptor. Steady-state fluorescence measurements demonstrated that the donor chromophores transfer excited-state energy to the porphyrin with 97%(More)
A series of one-photon absorption spectra for fluorene-based donor-pi-acceptor molecules is presented and spectroscopically assigned, based upon the results obtained from time-dependent density functional theory. The computed excitation energies were generally shown to be in good agreement with experiment, particularly when compared to results from(More)
Degenerate two-photon absorption (TPA) spectral properties of five AFX chromophore solutions have been studied using a single and spectrally dispersed sub-picosecond white-light continuum beam. In a specially designed optical configuration, optical pathways inside the sample solution for different spectral components of the focused continuum beam were(More)
Highly enhanced nonlinear absorption cross section values of C60(>DPAF-C2M), C60(>DPAF-C9), and C60(>DPAF-C10) dyads were detected up to 5400, 9700, and 14000 GM, respectively, in the 2.0 ps region in toluene at the concentration of 1.5 x 10(-3) M. They were correlated to a trend showing higher efficiency in light transmittance attenuation down to 39-46%(More)
Adaptive structures are desirable for a broad array of technologies, ranging from medical stents to deployable telescopes and morphing air vehicles. [ 1 ] Due to their processability and relatively high strain, [ 2 ] electroactive polymers (EAPs) have become a viable option for low-frequency actuating devices that reversibly drive a mechanically articulated(More)
Spin-cast films of dyes (donor-π-donor, donor-π-acceptor, and acceptor-π-acceptor type, where the donor is Ph2N-, the acceptor is 2-benzothiazoyl, and the π-linker is 9,9-diethylfluorene) blended with nonconjugated bisphthalimides were prepared. Upon visible-light excitation of the dyes, quenching of the excited state occurs by exciplex formation between(More)
There has been much interest in the development of two-photon absorbing materials and many efforts to understand the nonlinear absorption properties of these dyes but this area is still not well understood. A computational model has been developed in our lab to understand the nanosecond nonlinear absorption properties that incorporate all of the measured(More)