Lonnie P Lybarger

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Self versus non-self discrimination is a central theme in biology from plants to vertebrates, and is particularly relevant for lymphocytes that express receptors capable of recognizing self-tissues and foreign invaders. Comprising the third largest lymphocyte population, natural killer (NK) cells recognize and kill cellular targets and produce(More)
The mechanism by which substrates for endoplasmic reticulum-associated degradation are retrotranslocated to the cytosol remains largely unknown, although ubiquitination is known to play a key role. The mouse gamma-herpesvirus protein mK3 is a viral RING-CH-type E3 ligase that specifically targets nascent major histocompatibility complex I heavy chain (HC)(More)
Many viral proteins modulate class I expression, yet, in general, their mechanisms of specific class I recognition are poorly understood. The mK3 protein of gamma(2)-Herpesvirus 68 targets the degradation of nascent class I molecules via the ubiquitin/proteasome pathway. Here, we identify cellular components of the MHC class I assembly machinery, TAP and(More)
MHC-related protein (MR)1 is an MHC class I-related molecule encoded on chromosome 1 that is highly conserved among mammals and is more closely related to classical class I molecules than are other nonclassical class I family members. In this report, we show for the first time that both mouse and human MR1 molecules can associate with the peptide-loading(More)
We report in this work the expression and characterization of class I molecules expressed as single-chain trimers consisting of an antigenic peptide-spacer-beta(2)-microglobulin-spacer H chain. Our results indicate that these single-chain constructs assemble efficiently, maintain their covalent structure, and are unusually stable at the cell surface.(More)
The novel class Ib molecule MR1 is highly conserved in mammals, particularly in its alpha1/alpha2 domains. Recent studies demonstrated that MR1 expression is required for development and expansion of a small population of T cells expressing an invariant T cell receptor (TCR) alpha chain called mucosal-associated invariant T (MAIT) cells. Despite these(More)
H2-M3 is a class Ib MHC molecule that binds a highly restricted pool of peptides, resulting in its intracellular retention under normal conditions. However, addition of exogenous M3 ligands induces its escape from the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) and, ultimately, its expression at the cell surface. These features of M3 make it a powerful and novel model(More)
A breast cancer-associated antigen, mammaglobin-A, is specifically expressed in 80% of primary breast tumors. The definition of immune responses against this highly expressed breast cancer-specific antigen should be of great value in the development of new therapeutic strategies for breast cancer. Thus, the purpose of this study was to identify(More)
The activation of naïve T cells requires antigen presentation by dendritic cells (DCs), and the process of antigen presentation is regulated over the course of DC maturation. One key aspect of this regulation is the cell surface up-regulation upon DC maturation of peptide·MHC-II complexes and the costimulatory molecule CD86. It is now clear that these(More)
Within APCs, ubiquitination regulates the trafficking of immune modulators such as MHC class II and CD86 (B7.2) molecules. MARCH1 (membrane-associated RING-CH), a newly identified ubiquitin E3 ligase expressed in APCs, ubiquitinates MHC class II, thereby reducing its surface expression. Following LPS-induced maturation of dendritic cells, MARCH1 mRNA is(More)